Spanish Future Perfect – Conjugation and Use

The Spanish Future Perfect (“Futuro Perfecto”) is a tense we use to talk about something that will have already happened at some point in the future.

The Future Perfect is very easy to learn and will give us more resources when talking about future events.

In this post we will learn how to use the Spanish Future Perfect, going through the following points:


1. Conjugation of verbs in Spanish Future Perfect

Our formula to construct the Future Perfect consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the verb “haber” conjugated in Simple Future: “habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán”.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the main verb. It is the same for all persons.

Remember… The Past Participle of a verb is usually formed with the ending “-ADO” for verbs whose infinitive ends in “-AR”, and “-IDO” for verbs ending in “-ER, -IR”). But there are also some Irregular Past Participles. Click here to learn more about the Past Participle and its Irregularities.


Examples

With our formula in mind, here are some examples of verbs fully conjugated in Future Perfect. These particular verbs have a Regular Past Participle:

 JugarBeberSentir
yohabré jugadohabré bebidohabré sentido
habrás jugadohabrás bebidohabrás sentido
élhabrá jugadohabrá bebidohabrá sentido
nosotroshabremos jugadohabremos bebidohabremos sentido
vosotroshabréis jugadohabréis bebidohabréis sentido
elloshabrán jugadohabrán bebidohabrán sentido


And here are a couple more verbs conjugated in Future Perfect. In this case, they have an Irregular Past Participle:

 HacerVer
yohabré hechohabré visto
habrás hechohabrás visto
élhabrá hechohabrá visto
nosotroshabremos hechohabremos visto
vosotroshabréis hechohabréis visto
elloshabrán hechohabrán visto

2. Uses of the Future Perfect


Expressing what will have already happened at some point in the future

This is the main use of the Future Perfect:

En 2025 habré terminado mis estudios.
By 2025 I will have finished my studies.

A las 6 habré hecho todas mis tareas.
By 6 o’clock I will have done all my homework.

Si sigues así, para diciembre habrás perdido 10 kilos.
If you keep on like this, by December you will have lost 10 kilos.


Naturally, we can also use the Future Perfect to express what will have happened by the time some other action happens. That some other action is expressed in a tense called Present Subjunctive (in the following examples, “laves” and “llegues” are in Present Subjunctive)

Para cuando laves los platos, habré cumplido 80 años.
By the time you wash the dishes, I will have turned 80.

Habremos comido cuando llegues.
We will have eaten by the time you arrive.


Speculating about the recent past

Although it sounds paradoxical, we can use the Future Perfect to speculate colloquially about the recent past.:

Antonio llega tarde… ¿Qué demonios habrá pasado?
Antonio is late… What the hell might have happened?.

Habrá tenido algún problema.
He may have had a problem.


3. The Future Perfect and the word “ya”

It is common to find the word “ya” in sentences using the Future Perfect.

“Ya” means already. So it sounds very natural to include it in sentences that express what “would have ALREADY happened” at some point in the future.

He are some examples of sentences we have seen in this lesson, this time including “ya”:

En 2025 ya habré terminado mis estudios.
By 2025 I will have already finished my studies.

A las 6 ya habré hecho todas mis tareas.
By 6 o’clock I will have already done all my homework.

Si sigues así, para diciembre ya habrás perdido 10 kilos.
If you keep on like this, by December you will have already lost 10 kilos.


4. Practice: A Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge!:


5. Practice: An Exercise

A man imagines what will have already happened in his life by the time the year ends. Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Perfect. Then check the solutions at the end of this post.

Para cuando termine este año, yo _____ 1.(dejar) de fumar. También _____ 2.(perder) diez kilos y _____ 3.(aprender) un poco de karate.
Mi mujer ya _____ 4.(dar) a luz a nuestro tercer hijo, que ahora lleva en su barriguita.
Mis otros dos hijos, Pablo y Carmen, _____ 5.(crecer) varios centímetros más.
Y todos nosotros _____ 6.(hacer) juntos un viaje a España, donde _____ 7. (ver, nosotros) lugares inolvidables.

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = habré dejado, 2 = habré perdido, 3 = habré aprendido, 4 = habrá dado, 5 = habrán crecido, 6 = habremos hecho, 7 = habremos visto

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