Spanish Future Perfect – The Ultimate Guide

Spanish Future Perfect

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Future Perfect tense.

The Future Perfect of the Indicative Mood (“Futuro Perfecto” or “Futuro Compuesto”), is a ver tense in Spanish. We use to talk about things that will have already happened at some point in the future.

Conjugating verbs in Future Perfect is easy, with the formula “haber” + Past Participle.

In this lesson we will learn how to conjugate and use verbs in Future Perfect, providing example sentences. At the end you’ll will find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

1. Conjugation of verbs in Future Perfect

The formula to construct the Future Perfect consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the auxiliary verb “haber” conjugated in Future Tense for the proper person: “habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán”.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. The Past Participle is the same for all persons.


With our formula in mind, here are some verbs fully conjugated in Future Perfect. These particular verbs have a Regular Past Participle:

 jugarbebersentir
yohabré jugadohabré bebidohabré sentido
habrás jugadohabrás bebidohabrás sentido
élhabrá jugadohabrá bebidohabrá sentido
nosotroshabremos jugadohabremos bebidohabremos sentido
vosotroshabréis jugadohabréis bebidohabréis sentido
elloshabrán jugadohabrán bebidohabrán sentido


And here are a couple more verbs conjugated in Future Perfect. In this case, they have an Irregular Past Participle:

 hacerver
yohabré hechohabré visto
habrás hechohabrás visto
élhabrá hechohabrá visto
nosotroshabremos hechohabremos visto
vosotroshabréis hechohabréis visto
elloshabrán hechohabrán visto

Remember…

The Past Participle of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ado.
The Past Participle of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -ido.

But there are also some verbs with an irregular Past Participle.

Click here to learn more about the Past Participle and its Irregularities.

2. Uses of the Future Perfect

Things that will have already happened… at some point in the future

This is the main use of the Future Perfect:

En 2025 habré terminado mis estudios.
By 2025 I will have finished my studies.

A las 6 habremos hecho todas las tareas.
By 6 o’clock we will have done all the homework.

Si siguen así, para diciembre habrán perdido 10 kilos.
If they go on like this, by December they will have lost 10 kilos.

Things that will have already happened… by the time “something else” occurs

That “something else” must be expressed in another tense called Present Subjunctive:

Para cuando decidas, habré cumplido 80 años.
By the time you decide, I will have turned 80. (“habré cumplido” is Future Perfect, “decidas” is Present Subjunctive)

Habremos comido cuando llegues.
We will have eaten by the time you arrive. (“habremos comido” is Future Perfect, “llegues” is Present Subjunctive)

Speculating about the recent past

Although it sounds paradoxical, we can use the Future Perfect to speculate colloquially about the recent past.:

Antonio llega tarde… ¿Qué demonios habrá pasado?
Antonio is late… What the hell might have happened?.

Habrá tenido algún problema.
He may have had a problem.

3. Frequent Keywords with the Future Perfect

It is relatively frequent to find the keywords “ya”, “aún no” and “todavía no” in sentences which include the Future Perfect. These keywords are usually placed before the verb. Their meanings are:

  • ya = already
  • aún no = not yet
  • todavía no = not yet (same meaning as “aún no”)


Example Sentences including these keywords:

En 2025 ya habré terminado mis estudios.
By 2025 I will have already finished my studies.

A las 6 ya habremos hecho todas las tareas.
By 6 o’clock we will have already done all the homework.

Si siguen así, para diciembre ya habrán perdido 10 kilos.
If the go on like this, by December they will have already lost 10 kilos.

En marzo aún no habrá terminado su cuadro.
In March he will not have finished his painting yet.

A mediodía todavía no habremos llegado al hotel.
At noon we will have not arrived in the hotel yet.

4. Practice the Spanish Future Perfect

Quiz

Take this short Quiz about the Spanish Future Perfect!:

Exercise 1

An exercise about the first use of the Future Perfect we have learned: talking about what will have already happened at some point in the future

A man imagines what will have already happened in his life by the time the year ends. Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Perfect. Then check the solutions below:

Para cuando termine este año, yo _____ 1.(dejar) de fumar. También _____ 2.(perder) diez kilos y _____ 3.(aprender) un poco de karate.
Mi mujer ya _____ 4.(dar) a luz a nuestro tercer hijo, que ahora lleva en su barriguita.
Mis otros dos hijos, Pablo y Carmen, _____ 5.(crecer) varios centímetros más.
Y todos nosotros _____ 6.(hacer) juntos un viaje a España, donde _____ 7. (ver, nosotros) lugares inolvidables.

Solutions: 1 = habré dejado, 2 = habré perdido, 3 = habré aprendido, 4 = habrá dado, 5 = habrán crecido, 6 = habremos hecho, 7 = habremos visto

Exercise 2

Let’s now practice the second use of the Future Perfect that we have learned in this lesson: speculating about the recent past.

Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Perfect. Then check the solutions below:

1. Son las siete y Ana no ha llegado. ¿Qué le __________ (ocurrir)?
2. Carlos ha hablado de forma muy extraña. No sé qué ___________ (querer) decir.
3. Al final, Laura y Luis no han venido. ___________ (arrepentirse).
4. El dinero no está aquí. Alguien lo __________ (coger).
5. ¿Dónde están mis padres? ¿ ___________ (ir) al supermercado?

Solutions: 1 = habrá ocurrido, 2 = habrá querido, 3 = se habrán arrepentido (reflexive verb), 4 = habrá cogido, 5 = habrán ido