Spanish Future Tense – The Ultimate Guide

Spanish Future

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Future Tense.

The Future Tense of the Indicative Mood (“Futuro Simple del Indicativo”), also called Simple Future, is a verb tense in Spanish. We use it mainly to talk about future actions and events.

Conjugating verbs in Future Tense is easy: there are few irregular verbs, and even those are pretty simple.

In this lesson we will learn how to conjugate and use verbs in Spanish Future Tense, providing example sentences.

We will also take a brief look at the “Futuro Próximo”, a different grammar construction to talk about the future.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

1. Conjugation of verbs in Spanish Future Tense

Regular Verbs

Conjugating verbs that are regular in Future Tense is easy, because of 2 reasons:

  • It doesn’t matter if the verb’s infinitive form ends in “-AR”, “-ER” or “-IR”. The endings are the same for all types.
  • We attach the endings directly at the end of the Infinitive.


The endings are the ones presented in the following table:

PersonEnding
yo
-ás
él
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ellos-án


For example, here are the full conjugations of verbs “amar”, “ser” and “sentir” in Future Tense:

 amarsersentir
yoamaréserésentiré
amarásserássentirás
élamaráserásentirá
nosotrosamaremosseremossentiremos
vosotrosamaréisseréissentiréis
ellosamaránseránsentirán

Irregular Verbs

For verbs that are irregular in Future Tense, the endings are the same as for the regulars, but the stem presents some irregularity.

Here is a list of the most important irregulars. In the middle column we see the new stem we need to use in Future Tense, and in the right column the verb fully conjugated by adding the suffixes to that irregular stem:

VerbNew stemFull conjugation
decirdir-diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán
haberhabr-habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
hacerhar-haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán
poderpodr-podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán
ponerpondr-pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán
quererquerr-querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán
sabersabr-sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán
salirsaldr-saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán
tenertendr-tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
venirvendr-vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán


Similarities between the Future Tense and the Conditional Tense

The Spanish Future and Conditional Tenses have very similar conjugations. Click here to learn the Conditional Tense.

Except for the endings, everything is the same in these two tenses: they have the same irregular verbs with the same irregular stems.

We invite you to compare them and observe how similar they are.

2. Uses of the Future Tense

Generally speaking, we use the Future Tense to talk about events or actions that will happen in the future. However, it has some other uses.

Here are all the main uses of the Future Tense, with Example Sentences:

Future actions and events

The Future Tense is one of the two main ways we have in Spanish to talk about future events. (See point 3 of this lesson to learn the other way to talk about the future).

El año que viene iré a América.
I’ll go to America next year.

¿Dónde estarás la semana que viene?
Where will you be next week?

El director dirá algo mañana.
The director will say something tomorrow.

En 2040 tendremos sesenta años.
We’ll be sixty years old in 2040.

Predictions

¿Crees que el Real Madrid ganará la liga?
Do you think Real Madrid will win the league?

El año que viene conocerás al hombre de tus sueños.
Next year you will meet the man of your dreams.

Presiento que muy pronto ocurrirá algo increíble.
I can feel that something amazing will happen very soon.

Giving commands in an epic or solemn tone

For example, the Commandments of Christianity are expressed in Future Tense in Spanish:

No matarás.
You shall not kill.

No robarás.
You shall not steal.

Conditional statements about the future (“if A happens, then B will happen”)

The condition is expressed in Present Tense, the consequence in Future Tense:

Si este año consigo un empleo, compraré una moto.
If I get a job this year, I will buy a motorcycle.

Si tú vienes, lo pasaremos mejor.
If you come, we’ll have more fun.

Si mis padres me pillan, se enfadarán mucho.
If my parents catch me, they’ll get very angry (“enfadarse” is a Reflexive Verb).

To hypothesize about current situations

We can use the Future Tense to hypothesize about current situations, as shown in the following sentences:

Laura no ha venido. Tendrá algún problema.
Laura hasn’t come. She may have some problem.

¿Dónde estará mi boli?
Where could my pen be?

3. A different Future: The Futuro Próximo with “Ir a” + Infinitive

Apart from the Future Tense, which we have learned in this lesson, there is an alternative way of talking about future actions: The Futuro Próximo.

The Futuro Próximo sounds well when talking about actions and events in the near future.

We form it by conjugating the verb “ir” in Present Tense, followed by the preposition “a”, and then the Infinitive form of the verb that expresses the action.

For example, here is the verb “jugar” (to play) in Futuro Próximo:

 jugar
yovoy a jugar
vas a jugar
élva a jugar
nosotrosvamos a jugar
vosotrosvais a jugar
ellosvan a jugar

And here are some example sentences in Futuro Próximo:

El mes que viene voy a viajar a Colombia.
Next month I’m going to travel to Colombia.

Mañana vamos a trabajar mucho.
Tomorrow we are gonna work a lot.

¿Cuándo vas a llamar a Laura?
When are you going to call Laura?

4. Practice the Spanish Future Tense

Quiz

Take this short Quiz about the Spanish Future Tense!

Exercise 1

This is an exercise about the first use of the Future tense that we have learned: talking about future actions and events.

In the following sentences, fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Tense. Then check the solutions below.

A clue: 3 of the verbs are irregular.

1. El mes que viene, nosotros ______ (empezar) un curso de yoga.
2. ¿Qué ______ (decir) tú en la reunión?
3. En mis próximas vacaciones, yo ______ (viajar) por Latinoamérica.
4. En 2030, mis padres ya ______ (tener) setenta años.
5. Mis amiga Clara ______ (venir) a visitarme el mes que viene.
6. Vosotros ______ (terminar) las clases en junio.

Solutions: 1 = empezaremos, 2 = dirás, 3 = viajaré, 4 = tendrán, 5 = vendrá, 6 = terminaréis


Exercise 2

This is an exercise about the second use of the Future tense that we have learned: making predictions.

A guy goes to a psychic to have his future predicted. Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Tense. Then check the solutions below:

En las próximas semanas _____ 1.(conocer, tú) a una mujer guapísima. Esa mujer _____ 2.(casarse) contigo dentro de dos años.
Ella y tú _____ 3.(tener) cinco hijos, y todos ellos _____ 4.(ser) muy guapos e inteligentes. _____ 5.(vivir, vosotros) en una preciosa casa frente al mar.

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = conocerás, 2 = se casará, 3 = tendréis, 4 = serán, 5 = viviréis

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