Spanish Future Tense

Spanish Future Tense - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Future Tense (“Futuro Simple”).

We use the Future Tense mainly to talk about future actions and events.

A couple of sentences in Spanish Future Tense
A couple of sentences in Future Tense

This lesson will teach you everything about the Future Tense: how to conjugate verbs and how to use it, providing example sentences.

We will also take a look at another grammar construction to talk about future actions, called Futuro Próximo.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

Conjugation of verbs in Future Tense

Regular verbs

Conjugating regular verbs in Future Tense is easy:

  • It doesn’t matter if the verb’s Infinitive ends in “-AR”, “-ER” or “-IR”.
  • We simply attach a set of endings at the end of the Infinitive.


The endings are shown in the following table:

PersonEnding
yo
-ás
él
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ellos-án


For example, here are the conjugations of “amar”, “ser” and “sentir” in Future Tense:

 amarsersentir
yoamaréserésentiré
amarásserássentirás
élamaráserásentirá
nosotrosamaremosseremossentiremos
vosotrosamaréisseréissentiréis
ellosamaránseránsentirán


Irregular verbs

Irregular verbs attach the same endings as regular verbs, but the stem has some irregularity.

The following table shows the most important irregulars:

VerbIrregular stemFull conjugation
decirdir-diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán
haberhabr-habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
hacerhar-haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán
poderpodr-podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán
ponerpondr-pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán
quererquerr-querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán
sabersabr-sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán
salirsaldr-saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán
tenertendr-tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
venirvendr-vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán


Similarities between the Future and Conditional Tenses

The Future and Conditional Tenses have very similar conjugations.

Except for the endings, everything is the same for these two tenses: they have the same irregular verbs with the same irregular stems.

We invite you to compare them and observe how similar they are: Click here to learn the Conditional Tense

Uses of the Future Tense

In general, we use the Future Tense to talk about events or actions that will happen in the future. However, it has some other uses.

Here are its main uses:

Future actions and events

Examples:

El año que viene iré a América.
Next year I’ll go to America.

¿Dónde estarás la semana que viene?
Where will you be next week?

El director dirá algo mañana.
The director will say something tomorrow.

En 2040 tendremos sesenta años.
In 2040 we’ll be sixty years old.


Predictions

¿Crees que el Real Madrid ganará la liga?
Do you think Real Madrid will win the league?

El año que viene conocerás al hombre de tus sueños.
Next year you will meet the man of your dreams.

Presiento que muy pronto ocurrirá algo increíble.
I can feel that very soon something amazing will happen.


Giving commands in an epic or solemn tone

For example, the ten Commandments of Christianity are expressed in Future Tense:

No matarás.
You shall not kill.

No robarás.
You shall not steal.


Conditional statements about the future (“if A happens, then B will happen”)

The condition is expressed in Present Tense, the future consequence in Future Tense:

Si encuentro un empleo, compraré una moto.
If I find a job, I will buy a motorcycle.

Si tú vienes, será más divertido.
If you come, it will be more fun.

Si Laura quiere, iremos a bailar.
If Laura wants, we will go dancing.


Speculating about current situations

This is the strangest use of the Future Tense. We can use it to speculate about the present, as shown in the following sentences:

Carmen no ha venido. Tendrá algún problema.
Carmen hasn’t come. She may have some problem.

¿Dónde estará mi boli?
Where could my pen be?

A different future: the Futuro Próximo

Apart from the Future Tense, there is another grammar construction to talk about the future, called Futuro Próximo.

We can use the Futuro Próximo when we talk about the near future.

To form the Futuro Próximo, we conjugate the verb ir in Present Tense (voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van), followed by the preposition a, and the Infinitive of the verb expressing the action.

For example, here are the verbs “jugar” and “comer” in Futuro Próximo:

 jugarcomer
yovoy a jugarvoy a comer
vas a jugarvas a comer
élva a jugarva a comer
nosotrosvamos a jugarvamos a comer
vosotrosvais a jugarvais a comer
ellosvan a jugarvan a comer


And these are some example sentences:

El mes que viene voy a viajar a Colombia.
Next month I’m going to travel to Colombia.

Mañana vamos a trabajar mucho.
Tomorrow we are going to work a lot.

¿Cuándo vas a llamar a David?
When are you going to call David?

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz about the Future Tense!


Exercise 1

Conjugate the following regular verbs in Future Tense:

1) yo ___ (ganar)
2)___ (perder)
3) él ___ (vivir)
4) nosotros ___ (ir)
5) vosotros ___ (entrar)
6) ellos ___ (prometer)

Solutions:
1) ganaré
2) perderás
3) vivirá
4) iremos
5) entraréis
6) prometerán


Exercise 2

Conjugate the following irregular verbs in Future Tense:

1) yo ___ (poner)
2)___ (querer)
3) él ___ (poder)
4) nosotros ___ (saber)
5) vosotros ___ (decir)
6) ellos ___ (venir)

Solutions:
1) pondré
2) querrás
3) podrá
4) sabremos
5) diréis
6) vendrán


Exercise 3

This is an exercise about the first use of the Future Tense that we have learned: talking about future actions and events.

Complete the sentences conjugating the verbs in brackets in Future Tense:

1) El mes que viene, nosotros ___ (empezar) un curso de yoga.
Next month, we will start a yoga course.

2) ¿Qué ___ (decir) tú?
What will you say?

3) En mis próximas vacaciones, yo ___ (viajar) a México.
On my next vacation, I will travel to Mexico.

4) En 2030, mis padres ___ (tener) setenta años.
In 2030, my parents will be seventy years old.

5) Mi amiga Clara ___ (venir) a visitarme el mes que viene.
My friend Clara will come visit me next month.

6) Vosotros ___ (terminar) el proyecto en junio.
You guys will finish the project in June.

Solutions:
1) empezaremos
2) dirás
3) viajaré
4) tendrán
5) vendrá
6) terminaréis


Exercise 4

This is an exercise about the second use of the Future tense that we have learned: making predictions.

A psychic makes the following predictions to a naïve guy. Complete the sentences conjugating the verbs in brackets in Future Tense:

En las próximas semanas, tú ___ 1.(conocer) a una mujer guapísima. Esa mujer ___ 2.(casarse) contigo. Los dos ___ 3.(vivir) en una preciosa casa cerca del mar. ___ 4.(tener) cinco hijos, y todos ellos ___ 5.(ser) guapos y listos.

In the next few weeks you will meet a very beautiful woman. That woman will marry you. The two of you will live in a beautiful house near the sea. You guys will have five children, and all of them will be handsome and smart.

Solutions:
1) conocerás
2) se casará (reflexive verb)
3) viviréis
4) Tendréis
5) serán