Spanish Future Tense – Conjugation and Use

Spanish Future

The Spanish Future Tense of the Indicative Mood (“Futuro Simple del Indicativo”), also called Simple Future, is a verb tense in Spanish. It is used mainly to talk about future actions and events.

Conjugating verbs in Future Tense is very easy: there are few irregular verbs, and even those are pretty simple. In this grammar lesson we will learn all about conjugating verbs in Future Tense.

Then we will go through the main uses of this tense, with providing example sentences.

Finally, we will take a look at the “Futuro Próximo”, a different grammar construction we can also use to talk about events in the near future.

At the end, you can find a Quiz and an Exercise to Practice the Spanish Future Tense.

1. Conjugation of verbs in Spanish Future Tense

Regular Verbs

The conjugation of verbs that are regular in Future Tense is easy, because of 2 reasons:

  • It doesn’t matter if the verb’s infinitive form ends in “-AR”, “-ER” or “-IR”. The endings are the same for all types!
  • We attach the endings directly at the end of the Infinitive.


The endings are the ones presented in this table:

PersonEnding
yo
-ás
él
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ellos-án


For example, here are the full conjugations of the verbs “amar”, “ser” and “sentir” in Future Tense:

 AmarSerSentir
yoamaréserésentiré
amarásserássentirás
élamaráserásentirá
nosotrosamaremosseremossentiremos
vosotrosamaréisseréissentiréis
ellosamaránseránsentirán

Irregular Verbs

For verbs that are irregular in Future Tense, the endings are the same as for the regulars, but the stem presents some small irregularity.

Here is a list of the most important irregulars. In the middle column we see the new irregular stem we need to use in Future Tense, and in the right column the verb fully conjugated by adding the suffixes to that irregular stem:

VerbNew stemFull conjugation
Decirdir-diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán
Haberhabr-habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
Hacerhar-haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán
Poderpodr-podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán
Ponerpondr-pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán
Quererquerr-querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán
Sabersabr-sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán
Salirsaldr-saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán
Tenertendr-tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
Venirvendr-vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán


Similarities between Spanish Future Tense and Conditional Tense

The Spanish Future and Conditional Tenses have very similar conjugations. Click here to read about the Conditional Tense.

Actually, except for the endings, everything else is the same for these two tenses: they have the same irregular verbs, etc. We invite you to take some time to compare them and observe how similar they are. That way you can learn two tenses for the price of one! 🙂

2. Uses of the Spanish Future Tense

Generally speaking, we use the Future Tense to talk events or actions that will happen in the future. However, it has some other uses.

Here are all the main uses of the Future Tense, with Example Sentences:

Future actions and events

El año que viene iré a América.
I’ll go to America next year.

¿Dónde estarás la semana que viene?
Where will you be next week?

El director nos dirá algo mañana.
The director will tell us something tomorrow.

En 2050 tendremos sesenta años.
We’ll be sixty years old in 2030.

Predictions

¿Crees que el Real Madrid ganará la liga?
Do you think Real Madrid will win the league?

El año que viene conocerás al hombre de tus sueños.
Next year you will meet the man of your dreams.

Presiento que muy pronto me ocurrirá algo increíble.
I can feel that very soon something amazing will happen to me.

Giving commands in a strong, epic tone

For example, the Commandments of Christianity are expressed in Future Tense in Spanish:

No matarás.
You shall not kill.

No robarás.
You shall not steal.

As the second part of a speculative sentence (“if A happens, then B will happen”)

Si este año consigo un empleo, compraré una moto.
If I get a job this year, I will buy a motorcycle.

Si tú vienes, lo pasaremos mejor.
If you come, we’ll have more fun.

Si mis padres se enteran, se enfadarán mucho.
If my parents find out, they’ll get very angry.

Hypothesis about situations in the present

This is the strangest use of the Future Tense: we can use it to hypothesize about present situations, as shown in the following sentences:

Laura no ha venido. Tendrá algún problema.
Laura hasn’t come. Maybe she has a problem.

¿Dónde estará mi boli?
Where could my pen be?

3. The Futuro Próximo with “Ir a” + Infinitive: an alternative to the Future Tense

In this lesson, we have learned how we use the Future Tense to talk about future actions and events.

But there is an alternative way of expressing future actions and events in Spanish: The future with “Ir a” + Infinitive, also called Futuro Próximo.

The Futuro Próximo sounds well when talking about actions and events the near future.

It is formed by conjugating the verb “ir” in Present Tense for the proper person, followed by the preposition “a”, and then the Infinitive form of the verb that expresses the action.

For example, here is the verb “jugar” (to play) in Futuro Próximo:

 Jugar
yovoy a jugar
vas a jugar
élva a jugar
nosotrosvamos a jugar
vosotrosvais a jugar
ellosvan a jugar

And here are some example sentences in Futuro Próximo:

El mes que viene voy a viajar a Colombia.
I’m going to travel to Colombia next month.

Mañana vamos a trabajar mucho.
We are going to work a lot tomorrow.

¿Cuándo vas a llamar a Laura?
When are you going to call Laura?

4. Practice the Future Tense: Quiz and Exercises

Quiz

First, take this Quiz about the Spanish Future. it will help you know if you understood the theory about this tense:

Exercise 1

This is an exercise about the first use of the Future tense that we have learned: talking about future actions and events.

In the following sentences, fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Tense. Then check the solutions right after the exercise.

1. El mes que viene ______ (empezar, nosotros) un curso de yoga.
2. ¿Qué harás ______ (hacer, tú) en las tus próximas vacaciones?
3. En mis próximas vacaciones ______ (viajar, yo) por Latinoamérica.
4. En 2030, mis padres ya ______ (tener) setenta años.

Solutions: 1 = empezaremos, 2 = harás, 3 = viajaré, 4 = tendrán

Exercise 2

This is an exercise about the second use of the Future tense that we have learned: making predictions.

A guy goes to a psychic to have his future predicted. Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Future Tense, and complete the psychic’s predictions. Then check the solutions right after the exercise.

En las próximas semanas _____ 1.(conquistar, tú) a una mujer bellísima. Esa mujer _____ 2.(casarse) contigo poco tiempo después.
Ella y tú _____ 3.(tener, vosotros) cinco hijos, y todos ellos _____ 4.(ser) muy guapos e inteligentes. _____ 5.(vivir, vosotros) en una casa preciosa frente al mar. 
Todos los días _____ 6.(hacer, vosotros) cosas especiales, y en las vacaciones de verano _____ 7.(viajar, vosotros) a países exóticos.

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = conquistarás, 2 = se casará, 3 = tendréis, 4 = serán, 5 = viviréis, 6 = haréis, 7 = viajaréis, 8 = perderás, 9 = será, 10 = encontrarás, 11 = ganarás