Spanish Conditional Tense

Spanish Conditional Tense - Learn and Practice with Exercises

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Conditional Tense (“El Condicional”).

We use the Conditional mainly to talk about what would happen in hypothetical situations.

A sentence with a verb in Spanish Conditional Tense.
A sentence with a verb in Conditional Tense (only the verb in green)

This lesson will teach you everything about the Conditional Tense: how to conjugate verbs and how to use it, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

Conjugation of verbs in Conditional Tense

Regular verbs

Conjugating regular verbs in Conditional tense is easy:

  • It doesn’t matter if the verb’s infinitive ends in “-AR”, “-ER” or “-IR”.
  • We simply attach a set of endings at the end of the Infinitive.

The endings are shown in the following table:


For example, here are the conjugations of “amar”, “ser” and “sentir” in Conditional Tense:


Irregular verbs

Irregular verbs attach the same endings as regular verbs, but the stem has some irregularity.

The following table shows the most important irregulars:

VerbIrregular stemFull conjugation
decirdir-diría, dirías, diría, diríamos, diríais, dirían
haberhabr-habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían
hacerhar-haría, harías, haría, haríamos, haríais, harían
poderpodr-podría, podrías, podría, podríamos, podríais, podrían
ponerpondr-pondría, pondrías, pondría, pondríamos, pondríais, pondrían
quererquerr-querría, querrías, querría, querríamos, querríais, querrían
sabersabr-sabría, sabrías, sabría, sabríamos, sabríais, sabrían
salirsaldr-saldría, saldrías, saldría, saldríamos, saldríais, saldrían
tenertendr-tendría, tendrías, tendría, tendríamos, tendríais, tendrían
venirvendr-vendría, vendrías, vendría, vendríamos, vendríais, vendrían

Similarities between the Conditional and Future Tenses

The Conditional and Future Tenses have very similar conjugations.

Except for the endings, everything else is the same for these two tenses: they have the same irregular verbs with the same irregular stems.

We invite you to compare them and observe how similar they are: Click here to learn the Future Tense

Uses of the Conditional Tense

In general, we can associate the Conditional Tense to the English word “would”: Most times, English sentences including “would” translate to Spanish in Conditional tense.

Let’s study the most frequent uses of the Conditional:

Conditional statements (If A happened, then B would happen)

We use the Conditional tense to express what would happen if a hypothetical condition was fulfilled.

The hypothetical condition is expressed in another tense called Imperfect Subjunctive (Click to learn this tense), and the consequence in Conditional Tense:

Si tú estudiaras más, aprobarías el examen.
If you studied harder, you would pass the exam.

Yo compraría esta chaqueta si tuviera dinero.
I would buy this jacket if i had money.

Si ganáramos la lotería, viajaríamos por todo el mundo.
If we won the lottery, we would travel all over the world.

Ellos responderían si alguien preguntara.
They would answer if someone asked.

For English words “could” and “should”

We use the verbs “poder” and “deber” in Conditional Tense to express the English concepts “could” and “should”.

 "poder" in Conditional (English "could")"deber" in Conditional (English "should")

In sentences, these verbs are always followed by another verb in the Infinitive:

Si tuviéramos las herramientas, podríamos arreglar la radio.
If we had the tools, we could fix the radio.

Deberías ver esto.
You should see this.

Roberto no debería hablar tanto.
Roberto shouldn’t talk so much.

Expressing a wish or a request

Sometimes we use the Conditional Tense to express a wish or a request:

Me gustaría tener una casa bonita.
I would like to have a beautiful house.

¿Podría traerme la carta, por favor?
Could you bring me the menu, please?

De primer plato, querría una sopa de tomate.
For the first course, I’d like a tomato soup.



Take this short Quiz about the Spanish Conditional Tense!:

Exercise 1

Conjugate the following regular verbs in Conditional Tense:

1) yo ___ (conducir)
2)___ (caminar)
3) él ___ (patinar)
4) nosotros ___ (bailar)
5) vosotros ___ (leer)
6) ellos ___ (cantar)

1) conduciría
2) caminarías
3) patinaría
4) bailaríamos
5) leeríais
6) cantarían

Exercise 2

Conjugate the following irregular verbs in Conditional Tense:

1) yo ___ (poner)
2)___ (querer)
3) él ___ (poder)
4) nosotros ___ (saber)
5) vosotros ___ (decir)
6) ellos ___ (venir)

1) pondría
2) querrías
3) podría
4) sabríamos
5) diríais
6) vendrían

Exercise 3

In this exercise, we practice the first use of the Conditional we have learned in this lesson: talking about what would happen if a hypothetical condition was fulfilled.

What would these people do if they won the lottery? Fill the gaps with the Conditional Tense of the verbs in brackets:

1) ¿Qué ___ (hacer) estas personas si ganasen la lotería?
What would these people do if they won the lottery?

2) Marta ___ (viajar) alrededor del mundo.
Marta would travel around the world.

3) Carlos y Luis no ___ (trabajar) un día más en toda su vida.
Carlos and Luis would not work another day in their entire lives.

4) Tú ___ (tener) todos los videojuegos del mundo.
You would have all the video games in the world.

5) Nosotros ___ (comprar) varios coches de lujo.
We would buy several luxury cars.

6) Vosotros ___ (salir) a las discotecas más caras.
You would go out to the most expensive discos.

1) harían
2) viajaría
3) trabajarían
4) tendrías
5) compraríamos
6) saldríais

Exercise 4

This exercise is about the second use of the Conditional we have learned in this lesson: to translate the English “could” and “should”:

1) Tú ___ (could) ganar el partido si entrenaras más.
You could win the game if you trained more.

2) Nosotros ___ (should) ayudar a mamá a limpiar la casa.
We should help Mom clean the house.

3) Yo creo que el gobierno ___ (should) gastar menos.
I think the government should spend less.

4) ¿Vosotros ___ (could) explicar el problema?
Could you guys explain the problem?

1) podrías
2) deberíamos
3) debería
4) podríais

A related tense: the Conditional Perfect

The Conditional Perfect is yet another tense in Spanish.

We use it to talk about things that could have happened, but didn’t. Click here to learn the Conditional Perfect