Spanish Conditional Perfect

Spanish Conditional Perfect - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Conditional Perfect (“Condicional Perfecto”).

We use the Conditional Perfect to talk about something that would have happened, if only a condition had been fulfilled (but it wasn’t).

A sentence with a verb in Spanish Conditional Perfect
A sentence with a verb in Conditional Perfect (only the verb in green)

This lesson will teach you everything about the Conditional Perfect: how to conjugate verbs and how to use it, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

Conjugation of verbs in Conditional Perfect

The formula to form the Conditional Perfect consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the verb haber in Conditional Tense: habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. The Past Participle is the same for all persons.


With our formula in mind, here is a table with three verbs conjugated in Conditional Perfect. These particular verbs have a regular Past Participle:

 jugarbebersentir
yohabría jugadohabría bebidohabría sentido
habrías jugadohabrías bebidohabrías sentido
élhabría jugadohabría bebidohabría sentido
nosotroshabríamos jugadohabríamos bebidohabríamos sentido
vosotroshabríais jugadohabríais bebidohabríais sentido
elloshabrían jugadohabrían bebidohabrían sentido


And here are a couple more verbs conjugated in Conditional Perfect. These are verbs with an irregular Past Participle:

 hacerver
yohabría hechohabría visto
habrías hechohabrías visto
élhabría hechohabría visto
nosotroshabríamos hechohabríamos visto
vosotroshabríais hechohabríais visto
elloshabrían hechohabrían visto

Remember…

The Past Participle of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ado.
The Past Participle of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -ido.

Some verbs have an irregular Past Participle. The most frequent irregulars are:

hacer → hecho
decir → dicho
ver → visto
escribir → escrito
romper → roto
poner → puesto
volver → vuelto
resolver → resuelto
satisfacer → satisfecho
descubrir → descubierto
morir → muerto

Click here to learn more about the Past Participle.

Use of the Conditional Perfect

We use the Conditional Perfect to talk about something that would have happened, if only a condition had been fulfilled (but it wasn’t).

The condition that should have been fulfilled is expressed in another tense called Past Perfect Subjunctive (Click to learn thats tense), and the thing that would have happened is expressed in Conditional Perfect:

Si yo hubiera estudiado más, habría aprobado el examen.
If I had studied more, I would have passed the exam.

Si hubiésemos hecho las tareas, habríamos impresionado a nuestro profesor.
If we had done the homework, we would have impressed our teacher.

Marta habría organizado la fiesta si hubiera tenido tiempo.
Marta would have organized the party if she had had time.

Si los jugadores hubiesen entrenado más duro, habrían ganado el partido.
If the players had trained harder, they would have won the match.

Si lo hubiera sabido, habría actuado de otra forma.
If had known, I would have acted differently.

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about the Conditional Perfect:


Exercise 1

Conjugate the following verbs in Conditional Perfect:

1) yo __ ___ (salir)
2)__ ___ (beber)
3) él __ ___ (amar)
4) nosotros __ ___ (hacer)
5) vosotros __ ___ (ver)
6) ellos __ ___ (decir)

Solutions:
1) habría salido
2) habrías bebido
3) habría amado
4) habríamos hecho
5) habríais visto
6) habrían dicho


Exercise 2

A man reflects on things he and other people would have done differently, if only they had been smarter.

Fill the gaps with the Conditional Perfect of the verbs in brackets:

Si hubiéramos sido más inteligentes…
If we had been smarter …

1) … yo no __ ___ (comprar) aquel coche de segunda mano.
I wouldn’t have bought that second hand car.

2) … mis amigos __ ___ (llevar) ropa de abrigo en su viaje a Rusia.
my friends would have brought warm clothes on their trip to Russia.

3) … mi novia y yo no __ ___ (ver) esa peli tan mala.
my girlfriend and I would not have seen that bad movie.

4) … hay muchas cosas que yo no __ ___ (decir) en momentos de nerviosismo.
there are many things that I would not have said in moments of nervousness.

Solutions:
1) habría comprado
2) habrían llevado
3) habríamos visto
4) habría dicho