Spanish Conditional Perfect – The Ultimate Guide

Spanish Conditional Perfect, Title of the Grammar Lesson

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Conditional Perfect.

The Conditional Perfect (“Condicional Perfecto”) is a verb tense in Spanish. We use it to talk about something that would have happened, if only a condition had been fulfilled (but it wasn’t).

Conjugating verbs in Conditional Perfect is easy, with the formula “haber” + Past Participle.

In this lesson we will learn how to conjugate and use verbs in Spanish Conditional Perfect, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll will find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

1. Conjugation of verbs in Spanish Conditional Perfect

The formula to construct the Conditional Perfect consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the auxiliary verb “haber” conjugated in Conditional Tense for the proper person: “habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían”.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. The Past Participle is the same for all persons.


With our formula in mind, here are some examples of verbs fully conjugated in Conditional Perfect. These particular verbs have a Regular Past Participle:

 jugarbebersentir
yohabría jugadohabría bebidohabría sentido
habrías jugadohabrías bebidohabrías sentido
élhabría jugadohabría bebidohabría sentido
nosotroshabríamos jugadohabríamos bebidohabríamos sentido
vosotroshabríais jugadohabríais bebidohabríais sentido
elloshabrían jugadohabrían bebidohabrían sentido


And here are a couple more verbs conjugated in Conditional Perfect. In this case, they have an Irregular Past Participle:

 hacerver
yohabría hechohabría visto
habrías hechohabrías visto
élhabría hechohabría visto
nosotroshabríamos hechohabríamos visto
vosotroshabríais hechohabríais visto
elloshabrían hechohabrían visto

Remember…

The Past Participle of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ado.
The Past Participle of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -ido.

But there are also some verbs with an irregular Past Participle. Here are the most frequent irregular Past Participles:

hacer → hecho
decir → dicho
ver → visto
escribir → escrito
romper → roto
poner → puesto
volver → vuelto
resolver → resuelto
satisfacer → satisfecho
descubrir → descubierto
morir → muerto

Click here to learn more about the Past Participle.

2. Uses of the Conditional Perfect

We use Conditional Perfect to talk about what would have happened, if only a condition had been fulfilled (but it wasn’t).

The condition that should have been fulfilled is expressed in a tense called Past Perfect Subjunctive (Click to learn this tense), and what would have happened is expressed in Conditional Perfect:

¿Qué habrías hecho si te lo hubiera contado?
What would you have done, if I had told you?

Si me lo hubieras contado, habría actuado de otra forma.
If you had told me, I would have acted differently.

Si hubiésemos hecho las tareas, habríamos impresionado a nuestro profesor.
If we had done the homework, we would have impressed our teacher.

Marta habría organizado la fiesta si hubiera tenido tiempo.
Marta would have organized the party if she had had time.

Si los jugadores hubiesen entrenado más duro, habrían ganado el partido.
If the players had trained harder, they would have won the match.


Of course, it is also possible to use the Conditional Perfect in simpler sentences, as long as you are expressing what would have happened in some circumstance.

Here are some examples:

¿Qué habrías hecho en mi lugar?
What would you have don in my place?

En tu lugar, habría bailado con la chica.
In your place, I would have danced with the girl.

¿Habríais venido a mi cumpleaños?
Would you guys have come to my birthday?

3. Practice the Spanish Conditional Perfect

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about the Conditional Perfect!:

Exercise

A man thinks about what he and other people would have done differently, if only they had been smarter. Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Conditional Perfect. Then check the solutions below:

Si todos nosotros hubiéramos sido más listos…


… yo no _____ _____ 1.(comprar) aquel coche de segunda mano que se rompió a los pocos días.

… mis amigos Carlos y Ángel _____ _____ 2.(llevar) ropa de abrigo en su viaje a Rusia.

… mis hijos y yo no _____ _____ 3.(ver) esa lamentable peli de superhéroes en el cine. _____ _____ 4.(elegir, nosotros) otra.

… hay muchas cosas que yo no _____ _____ 5.(decir) en momentos de tensión o nerviosismo.

… mi mujer no _____ _____ 6.(ir) a aquel curso de meditación que le costó tanto dinero.

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = habría comprado, 2 = habrían llevado, 3 = habríamos visto, 4 = Habríamos elegido, 5 = habría dicho, 6 = habría ido

If you like us, Like Us!