Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive

Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish (“Pretérito Perfecto del Subjuntivo”).

We use this tense in some types of sentences that express subjectivity: doubt, emotion, value judgements… usually about recent past actions.

A couple of Spanish sentences with verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive (in green)
A couple of sentences with verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive (in green)

This lesson will teach you everything about the Present Perfect Subjunctive: how to conjugate verbs and how to use it, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

Conjugation of verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive

The formula to form the Present Perfect Subjunctive consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the verb haber in Present Subjunctive: haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. The Past Participle is the same for all persons.


With our formula in mind, here is a table with three verbs conjugated in Present Perfect Subjunctive. These particular verbs have a regular Past Participle:

 jugarbebersentir
yohaya jugadohaya bebidohaya sentido
hayas jugadohayas bebidohayas sentido
élhaya jugadohaya bebidohaya sentido
nosotroshayamos jugadohayamos bebidohayamos sentido
vosotroshayáis jugadohayáis bebidohayáis sentido
elloshayan jugadohayan bebidohayan sentido


And here a couple more verbs conjugated in Present Perfect Subjunctive. These are verbs with an irregular Past Participle:

 hacerver
yohaya hechohaya visto
hayas hechohayas visto
élhaya hechohaya visto
nosotroshayamos hechohayamos visto
vosotroshayáis hechohayáis visto
elloshayan hechohayan visto

Remember…

The Past Participle of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ado.
The Past Participle of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -ido.

Some verbs have an irregular Past Participle. The most frequent irregulars are:

hacer → hecho
decir → dicho
ver → visto
escribir → escrito
romper → roto
poner → puesto
volver → vuelto
resolver → resuelto
satisfacer → satisfecho
descubrir → descubierto
morir → muerto

Click here to learn more about the Past Participle.

Uses of the Present Perfect Subjunctive

We use the Present Perfect Subjunctive in some sentences that express subjectivity: doubt, emotion, value judgements… usually about actions in the recent past.

Here are the most frequent types of sentences where we use the Present Perfect Subjunctive:

a) After a verb that expresses wish or preference , such as:

  • querer
  • esperar
  • necesitar
  • desear
  • preferir
  • tener ganas de

… if that verb is in Present Tense and followed by “que”, then the next verb in the sentence is usually in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it refers to a recent past action:

Espero que Ana haya aprobado el examen.
I hope Ana passed the exam.

Deseo que lo hayáis pasado bien.
I wish you guys had a good time.


b) After a verb that expresses a feeling or personal taste, such as:

  • gustar
  • interesar
  • sorprender
  • preocupar
  • molestar
  • dar miedo

… if that verb is in Present Tense and followed by “que”, then the next verb in the sentence is usually in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it refers to a recent past action:

No me gusta que hayas hablado así.
I don’t like that you talked like that..

Nos sorprende que las plantas hayan crecido tan rápido.
We are surprised that the plants have grown so fast.


c) After these expressions of disbelief or doubt:

  • no creer que (only when “no” is before “creer”)
  • no pensar que (only when “no” is before “pensar”)
  • dudar que

the next verb is in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it refers to something in the recent past:

El director no cree que eso haya ocurrido.
The director doesn’t think that happened.

Dudo que hayan comprado el coche.
I doubt they bought the car.


d) After “ojalá” or “ojalá que”, when they express a realistic wish about a recent past action:

Ojalá su equipo haya ganado el partido.
Hopefully his team won the game.


e) After these phrases that express a degree of probability about something in the recent past:

  • posiblemente
  • probablemente
  • tal vez
  • quizás
  • puede que
  • es posible que
  • es probable que

Quizás haya ido a la playa.
Maybe he went to the beach.

Es posible que ellos nos hayan llamado.
They may have called us.


f) After expressions that assess or value something with this structure: [es + adjective + que…], the next verb in the sentence is in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it refers to something in the recent past:

Es bueno que vosotros hayáis dicho la verdad.
It’s good that you guys have told the truth.

Es importante que hayamos descubierto la verdad.
It’s important that we have discovered the truth.


g) When “cuando…” introduces an action that is expected to have been completed at some point in the future:

Llámame cuando hayas llegado al hotel.
Call me when you’ve arrived at the hotel.

Cuando hayáis terminado el libro, lo comentaremos.
When you guys have finished the book, we’ll discuss it.


h) After “hasta que…”, meaning “until an expected action has been completed in the future”:

No pagaré el ordenador hasta que lo haya probado.
I won’t pay for the computer until I have tested it.


i) After these expressions that require for something to have happened in order for something else to happen: “siempre que, a condición de que, siempre y cuando…”.

Podéis ir a la fiesta siempre que hayáis comprado la entrada.
You guys can go to the party as long as you have bought the ticket.

Puedes conducir siempre y cuando no hayas bebido.
You can drive as long as you haven’t had a drink.


j) After these expressions that introduce a hypothetical impediment in the recent past, that could prevent something else from happening: “salvo que, a no ser que”.

Cocinaré carne, a no ser que hayan traído pescado.
I’ll cook meat, unless they brought fish.


k) After these expressions, when they introduce a partial obstacle in the past, to something else that ends up happening anyway: “aunque, a pesar de que”.

Aunque no hayas estudiado, vas a aprobar.
Even if you have not studied, you will pass.


l) When “que, donde, quien” introduce the desired qualities (in the past) of something or someone.

Busco un piso que haya sido reformado.
I am looking for an apartment that has been renovated.

Queremos un perro que ya haya recibido todas las vacunas.
We want a dog that has already received all the vaccinations.

Practice

Quiz

First, take this Quiz about the Present Perfect Subjunctive:


Exercise 1

Conjugate the following verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive for the given person:

1) yo ___ (trabajar)
2) tú ___ (comprender)
3) él ___ (pensar)
4) nosotros ___ (sentir)
5) vosotros ___ (repetir)
6) ellos ___ (contar)
7) yo ___ (dormir)
8) tú ___ (hacer)
9) él ___ (romper)
10) nosotros ___ (ver)
11) vosotros ___ (volver)
12) ellos ___ (descubrir)

Solutions:
1) haya trabajado
2) hayas comprendido
3) haya pensado
4) hayamos sentido
5) hayáis repetido
6) hayan contado
7) haya dormido
8) hayas hecho
9) haya roto
10) hayamos visto
11) hayáis vuelto
12) hayan descubierto


Exercise 2

Now we are going to practice with sentences.

Fill the gaps using the verbs in brackets in Present Perfect Subjunctive:

1) Aunque tú no me ___ (acompañar), he encontrado la farmacia.
Even though you didn’t come with me, I found the pharmacy.

2) Dudo que el político ___ (decir) la verdad en su discurso.
I doubt that the politician has told the truth in his speech.

3) Tal vez ellos ___ (abrir) la ventana.
Maybe they have opened the window.

4) Espero que María ___ (encontrar) a su gato.
I hope María found her cat.

5) ¿No te gusta que nosotros ___ (venir)?
Don’t you like that we have come?

6) Buscamos un arquitecto que ___ (construir) edificios grandes.
We are looking for an architect who has built large buildings.

7) Siempre y cuando ___ (pagar), recibirás el producto hoy.
As long as you have paid, you will receive the product today.

Solutions:
1) hayas acompañado
2) haya dicho
3) hayan abierto
4) haya encontrado
5) hayamos venido
6) haya construido
7) hayas pagado

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