Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive – The Ultimate Guide

Spanish Present Subjunctive, Learn and Practice this Tense with Exercises

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive.

The Present Perfect Subjunctive (“Pretérito Perfecto del Subjuntivo”) is a verb tense in Spanish. It belongs to the subjunctive mood. We use it in some types of sentences which express subjectivity: doubt, emotion, value judgements… usually about past actions.

In this grammar lesson we will learn all about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive, both the conjugation of verbs, and the types of sentences where we use it, providing examples.

At the end you will find a find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

Conjugation of verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive

The formula to construct the Present Perfect Subjunctive consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the auxiliary verb “haber” conjugated in Imperfect Tense for the proper person: “haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan”.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. The Past Participle is the same for all persons.


With our formula in mind, here are some examples of verbs fully conjugated in Present Perfect Subjunctive. These particular verbs have a Regular Past Participle:

 jugarbebersentir
yohaya jugadohaya bebidohaya sentido
hayas jugadohayas bebidohayas sentido
élhaya jugadohaya bebidohaya sentido
nosotroshayamos jugadohayamos bebidohayamos sentido
vosotroshayáis jugadohayáis bebidohayáis sentido
elloshayan jugadohayan bebidohayan sentido

And here a couple more verbs conjugated in Present Perfect Subjunctive. In this case, they have an irregular Past Participle:

 hacerver
yohaya hechohaya visto
hayas hechohayas visto
élhaya hechohaya visto
nosotroshayamos hechohayamos visto
vosotroshayáis hechohayáis visto
elloshayan hechohayan visto

Remember…

The Past Participle of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ado.
The Past Participle of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -ido.

But there are also some verbs with an irregular Past Participle.

Click here to learn more about the Past Participle and its Irregularities.

Uses of the Present Perfect Subjunctive

We use the Present Perfect Subjunctive in certain types of sentences that express subjectivity: doubt, emotion, value judgements… usually about past actions.

Unfortunately, that idea is not enough to master its use, because the types of sentences where we use it are very specific. The Spanish student should learn each specific type of sentence where we use the Present Perfect Subjunctive.

Most times the Present Perfect Subjunctive appears in dependent clauses, usually after a relative pronoun such as “que”.

Here are the most frequent cases:

Sentence types where we use the Present Perfect Subjunctive

1) After verbs that express a wish or preference (“querer, esperar, necesitar, desear, preferir, tener ganas de…”), when they are in Present Tense and followed by relative pronoun “que…”, then the next verb in the dependent clause is in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

Espero que Ana haya aprobado el examen.
I hope Ana has passed the exam.

Deseo que lo hayáis pasado bien.
I wish that you guys have had a good time.


2) After “ojalá” or “ojalá que”, when they express a realistic wish about a recent action:

Ojalá el equipo haya ganado el partido.
Let’s hope the team has won the match.


3) After verbs that express a feeling or personal taste (“gustar, interesar, sorprender, preocupar, molestar, dar miedo…”) followed by relative pronoun “que…”, then the next verb is in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

No me gusta que hayas hablado así.
I don’t like that you have spoken that way.

Nos sorprende que las plantas hayan crecido tan rápido.
We are surprised that the plants have grown so quickly.


4) After these phrases that express a degree of probability: “posiblemente, probablemente, tal vez, quizás, puede que, es posible que, es probable que”, the next verb is in Present Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

Quizás haya ido a la playa.
Maybe he has gone to the beach.

Es posible que Juan y Pablo nos hayan llamado.
It’s possible that Juan and Pablo have called us.


5) After these expressions that express disbelief or doubt: “No creer que, no pensar que, dudar que”, the next verb is in Present Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

El director no cree que eso haya ocurrido.
The director doesn’t think that that has happened.

Dudo que hayan comprado el coche.
I doubt they have bought the car.


6) After expressions that assess something, using this structure: es + adjective + que…, the next verb is in Present Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

Es bueno que vosotros hayáis dicho la verdad.
It’s good that you guys have told the truth.

Es importante que hayamos descubierto la verdad.
It’s important that we have discovered the truth.


7) After “cuando…”, meaning when an expected action has been completed in the future:

Llámame cuando hayas llegado al hotel.
Call me when you have arrived at the hotel.

Cuando hayáis terminado el libro, lo comentaremos.
When you guys have finished the book, we’ll talk about it.


8) After “hasta que…”, meaning until an expected action has been completed in the future:

No pagaré el ordenador hasta que lo haya probado.
I won’t pay for the computer until I have tested it.


9) After these expressions that require for something to have happened in order for something else to happen: “siempre que, a condición de que, siempre y cuando…”.

Podéis ir a la fiesta siempre que hayáis comprado ropa elegante para llevar.
You guys can go to the party as long as you have bought elegant clothes to wear.

Puedes conducir siempre y cuando no hayas bebido.
You can drive as long as you haven’t drunk.


10) After these expressions that point to an hypothetical impediment in the past, that would cause something else not to happen: “salvo que, a no ser que”.

Cocinaré carne, a no ser que hayan traído pescado.
I will cook meat, unless they have brought fish.



11) After these expressions, when they point to a partial obstacle (in the past) to something else that ends up happening anyway: “aunque, a pesar de que”.

Aunque no hayas estudiado para el examen, tienes que hacerlo.
Even if you haven’t studied for the exam, you have to do it.


12) After the relative pronouns “que, donde, quien…” when indicating the desired qualities (in the past) of something or someone.

Busco un piso que haya sido reformado.
I’m looking for a flat that has been renovated.

Queremos compañeras que ya hayan compartido piso anteriormente.
We want flatmates that have already shared a flat before.

Practice the Present Perfect Subjunctive

Quiz

First, take this Quiz about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive:

Exercise

In the next sentences, fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using the Present Perfect Subjunctive, and check the solutions below:

Aunque no me ______ 1.(acompañar, tú), he encontrado la farmacia.
Dudo que el político ______ 2.(decir) la verdad en su discurso.
Tal vez ellos ______3.(abrir) la ventana.
Espero que María ______ 4.(encontrar) una solución.
¿No te gusta que ______ 5.(venir, nosotros)?
Buscamos un arquitecto que ______ 6.(construir) edificios grandes.
Siempre y cuando ______ 7.(pagar, vosotros), recibiréis el producto hoy mismo.

Solutions: 1 = hayas acompañado, 2 = haya dicho, 3 = hayan abierto, 4 = haya encontrado, 5 = hayamos venido, 6 = haya construido, 7 = hayáis pagado