Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive

Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive (“Pretérito Perfecto del Subjuntivo”).

We use the Present Perfect Subjunctive in some types of sentences that express subjectivity: doubt, emotion, value judgements… usually about actions in the recent past.

A couple of sentences with verbs in Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive
A couple of sentences with verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive (in green)

This lesson will teach you everything about the Present Perfect Subjunctive: how to conjugate verbs and how to use it, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.

Conjugation of verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive

The formula to form the Present Perfect Subjunctive consists of 2 words:

  • The first word is the auxiliary verb “haber” in Present Subjunctive: “haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan”.
  • The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. The Past Participle is the same for all persons.


With our formula in mind, here is a table with three verbs conjugated in Present Perfect Subjunctive. These particular verbs have a Regular Past Participle:

 jugarbebersentir
yohaya jugadohaya bebidohaya sentido
hayas jugadohayas bebidohayas sentido
élhaya jugadohaya bebidohaya sentido
nosotroshayamos jugadohayamos bebidohayamos sentido
vosotroshayáis jugadohayáis bebidohayáis sentido
elloshayan jugadohayan bebidohayan sentido

And here a couple more verbs conjugated in Present Perfect Subjunctive. These are verbs with an Irregular Past Participle:

 hacerver
yohaya hechohaya visto
hayas hechohayas visto
élhaya hechohaya visto
nosotroshayamos hechohayamos visto
vosotroshayáis hechohayáis visto
elloshayan hechohayan visto

Remember…

The Past Participle of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ado.
The Past Participle of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -ido.

But some verbs have an irregular Past Participle.

Click here to learn more about the Past Participle and its Irregularities

Uses of the Present Perfect Subjunctive

We use the Present Perfect Subjunctive in some sentences that express subjectivity: doubt, emotion, value judgements… usually about actions in the recent past.

Most times the Present Perfect Subjunctive appears in dependent clauses after a relative pronoun, usually “que”.

Here are the most frequent types of sentences where we use the Present Perfect Subjunctive:

1) After verbs that express a wish or preference (“querer, esperar, necesitar, desear, preferir, tener ganas de…”), when they are in Present Tense and followed by relative pronoun “que…”, then the next verb in the dependent clause is in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

Espero que Ana haya aprobado el examen.
I hope Ana has passed the exam.

Deseo que lo hayáis pasado bien.
I wish that you guys have had a good time.


2) After “ojalá” or “ojalá que”, when they express a realistic wish about a recent action:

Ojalá el equipo haya ganado el partido.
Let’s hope the team has won the match.


3) After verbs that express a feeling or personal taste (“gustar, interesar, sorprender, preocupar, molestar, dar miedo…”) followed by relative pronoun “que…”, then the next verb is in Present Perfect Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

No me gusta que hayas hablado así.
I don’t like that you have spoken that way.

Nos sorprende que las plantas hayan crecido tan rápido.
We are surprised that the plants have grown so quickly.


4) After these phrases that express a degree of probability: “posiblemente, probablemente, tal vez, quizás, puede que, es posible que, es probable que”, the next verb is in Present Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

Quizás haya ido a la playa.
Maybe he has gone to the beach.

Es posible que Juan y Pablo nos hayan llamado.
It’s possible that Juan and Pablo have called us.


5) After these expressions that express disbelief or doubt: “no creer que, no pensar que, dudar que”, the next verb is in Present Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

El director no cree que eso haya ocurrido.
The director doesn’t think that that has happened.

Dudo que hayan comprado el coche.
I doubt they have bought the car.


6) After expressions that assess something, using this structure: es + adjective + que…, the next verb is in Present Subjunctive if it expresses an action in the recent past:

Es bueno que vosotros hayáis dicho la verdad.
It’s good that you guys have told the truth.

Es importante que hayamos descubierto la verdad.
It’s important that we have discovered the truth.


7) After “cuando…”, meaning when an expected action has been completed in the future:

Llámame cuando hayas llegado al hotel.
Call me when you have arrived at the hotel.

Cuando hayáis terminado el libro, lo comentaremos.
When you guys have finished the book, we’ll talk about it.


8) After “hasta que…”, meaning until an expected action has been completed in the future:

No pagaré el ordenador hasta que lo haya probado.
I won’t pay for the computer until I have tested it.


9) After these expressions that require for something to have happened in order for something else to happen: “siempre que, a condición de que, siempre y cuando…”.

Podéis ir a la fiesta siempre que hayáis comprado ropa elegante para llevar.
You guys can go to the party as long as you have bought elegant clothes to wear.

Puedes conducir siempre y cuando no hayas bebido.
You can drive as long as you haven’t drunk.


10) After these expressions that point to an hypothetical impediment in the past, that would cause something else not to happen: “salvo que, a no ser que”.

Cocinaré carne, a no ser que hayan traído pescado.
I will cook meat, unless they have brought fish.


11) After these expressions, when they point to a partial obstacle (in the past) to something else that ends up happening anyway: “aunque, a pesar de que”.

Aunque no hayas estudiado para el examen, tienes que hacerlo.
Even if you haven’t studied for the exam, you have to do it.


12) After the relative pronouns “que, donde, quien…” when indicating the desired qualities (in the past) of something or someone.

Busco un piso que haya sido reformado.
I’m looking for a flat that has been renovated.

Queremos compañeras que ya hayan compartido piso anteriormente.
We want flatmates that have already shared a flat before.

Practice

Quiz

First, take this Quiz about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive:

Exercise 1

Conjugate the following verbs in Present Perfect Subjunctive for the given person:

yo ___ 1.(trabajar)
tú ___ 2.(comprender)
él ___ 3.(pensar)
nosotros ___ 4.(sentir)
vosotros ___ 5.(repetir)
ellos ___ 6.(contar)
yo ___ 7.(dormir)
tú ___ 8.(hacer)
él ___ 9.(romper)
nosotros ___ 10.(ver)
vosotros ___ 11.(volver)
ellos ___ 12.(descubrir)

Solutions:
1) haya trabajado
2) hayas comprendido
3) haya pensado
4) hayamos sentido
5) hayáis repetido
6) hayan contado
7) haya dormido
8) hayas hecho
9) haya roto
10) hayamos visto
11) hayáis vuelto
12) hayan descubierto


Exercise 2

Now we are going to practice with sentences.

Fill the gaps using the verbs in brackets in Present Perfect Subjunctive:

Aunque tú no me ___ 1.(acompañar), he encontrado la farmacia.
Even though you didn’t come with me, I found the pharmacy.

Dudo que el político ___ 2.(decir) la verdad en su discurso.
I doubt that the politician has told the truth in his speech.

Tal vez ellos ___ 3.(abrir) la ventana.
Maybe they have opened the window.

Espero que María ___ 4.(encontrar) una solución.
I hope María has found a solution.

¿No te gusta que nosotros ___ 5.(venir)?
Don’t you like that we have come?

Buscamos un arquitecto que ___ 6.(construir) edificios grandes.
We are looking for an architect who has built large buildings.

Siempre y cuando ___ 7.(pagar), recibiréis el producto hoy mismo.
As long as you guys have paid, you will receive the product today.

Solutions:
1) hayas acompañado
2) haya dicho
3) hayan abierto
4) haya encontrado
5) hayamos venido
6) haya construido
7) hayáis pagado