Spanish Affirmative Informal Commands – Learn and Practice!

Spanish Affirmative Informal Commands, Learn and Practice with Exercises

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish, where we will learn and practice them.

In Spanish, giving commands is accomplished through the Imperative Mood. With the Imperative Mood, we tell people to do or not to do something.

In this lesson, we will talk specifically about Affirmative Informal Commands. That means, how to tell the persons “tú” and “vosotros” to do something.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.


If you would rather learn Negative and/or Formal Commands, click here.


Verb Forms

First, we’ll learn the verb forms we need to use.

There is an important distinction to make between “tú” commands (to one person) and “vosotros” commands (to several people).

The distinction is:

  • Affirmative “tú” commands can be regular or irregular, depending on the verb.
  • Affirmative “vosotros” commands are ALL regular 🙂

Let’s study them in detail:

Affirmative “tú” commands

Most verbs have regular affirmative “tú” commands, but there are also some irregulars.

Regular verbs

For verbs with regular affirmative “tú” commands, the command is identical to the Present Tense “él” form, as shown in the following table:

Verb"él" form in Present TenseAffirmative "tú" command
comercomecome
trabajartrabajatrabaja
vivirvivevive
cerrarcierracierra
dormirduermeduerme
pedirpidepide

Example sentences:

Bebe menos.
Drink less.

Come más.
Eat more.

Compra la comida, por favor.
Buy the food, please.

Juega conmigo a las cartas.
Play cards with me.

Por favor, cierra las ventanas.
Close the windows, please.

Pide una cerveza para mí.
Order a beer for me.


Irregular verbs

Here is a list of the most important verbs with irregular affirmative “tú” commands:

VerbAffirmative "tú" command
ser
irve
tenerten
venirven
hacerhaz
decirdi
ponerpon
salirsal

Example sentences:

Pon la mesa.
Set the table.

Ven aquí, por favor.
Come here, please.

Di la verdad.
Tell the truth.

Sal de tu habitación y haz algo.
Get out of your room and do something.


Affirmative “vosotros” commands – They are all regular!

Affirmative “vosotros” commands are always regular, even for verbs with irregular “tú” commands.

To form affirmative “vosotros” commands, just replace the verb’s final “r” with a “d”:

VerbAffirmative "vosotros" command
comercomed
hablarhablad
cerrarcerrad
dormirdormid
hacerhaced
decirdecid
ponerponed
salirsalid

Example Sentences:

Comed pasta.
Eat pasta (you guys)

Abrid la puerta, por favor.
Open the door, please (you guys).

Haced vuestras camas.
Make your beds (you guys).

Tened paciencia.
Have patience (you guys).

Decid lo que pensáis.
Say what you think (you guys).

Placement of pronouns like “me, te, lo, le…”

To include Reflexive, Direct Object or Indirect Object Pronouns such as “me, te, lo, le, la, los, las, nos, os, se…” in an affirmative command, just attach them at the end of the verb form:

Ponlo aquí.
Put it here.

Llámanos pronto.
Call us soon.

Llamadnos pronto.
Call us soon (you guys).

Usadlo.
Use it (you guys).

If there are two of these pronouns, they are still attached at the end of the verb, one after another:

mela.
Give it to me.

Cómpranoslo.
Buy it to us

Mandádmela.
Send it to me. (you guys)

Accent Marks when attaching Pronouns

Look at the sentences above. Notice the accent marks on some commands when we attach pronouns. This is how it works:

Tú” commands often get a an accent mark when attaching pronouns, specially when the resulting word is rather long. The accent mark must be on the 3rd or 4th vowel of the word (counting from right to left).

Vosotros” commands get an accent mark only when we attach two pronouns. The accent mark must be on the 3rd vowel (counting from right to left)

Special case – Attaching “os” to a “vosotros” command

If we attach the pronoun “os” at the end of a “vosotros” command, the verb form loses its final “d”.

This phenomenon happens with reflexive verbs such as “ducharse”, “levantarse”, “concentrarse”…

Examples:

Duchaos , por favor.
Shower, please (you guys). – Not “duchados”, because the verb form loses the final “d”.

Levantaos.
Get up (you guys) –  Not “levantados”.

Concentraos.
Concentrate (you guys) – Not “concentrados

Practice Affirmative Informal Commands

We will now practice these commands with a Quiz and four Exercises:

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about this topic:

Exercise 1

Form affirmative “tú” commands of the following verbs, then check the solutions below. (The first 4 verbs are regular, the rest are irregular)

1) escuchar
2) leer
3) contar
4) repetir
5) decir
6) salir
7) tener
8) hacer

Solutions: 1) escucha 2) lee 3) cuenta 4) repite 5) di 6)sal 7) ten 8) haz


Exercise 2

Now, for the same verbs of Exercise 1, form affirmative “vosotros” commands!

Solutions: 1) escuchad 2) leed 3) contad 4) repetid 5) decid 6) salid 7) tened 8) haced


Exercise 3

A mother gives his child Juanito many commands during the day. Fill the gaps using Affirmative “tú” commands.

Sometimes you need to attach a pronoun at the end of the verb form:

Juanito, _____ 1.(levantarse), ¡vas a llegar tarde al cole!
_____ 2.(hacer) tu cama.
_____ 3.(limpiar) tu habitación.
_____ 4.(ducharse).
_____ 5.(preparar) tu mochila y _____ 6.(irse) al cole.
_____ 7. (decirme) qué has hecho hoy en clase.

Solutions: 1) levántate 2) Haz 3) Limpia 4) Dúchate 5) Prepara 6) vete 7) Dime


Exercise 4

This father gives his children commands too! Fill the gaps using Affirmative “vosotros” commands.

Sometimes you need to attach a pronoun at the end of the verb form:

Niños, _____ 1.(hacer) las tareas del cole.
_____ 2.(concentrarse)
Por favor, _____ 3.(venir) y _____ 4.(ayudarme) a limpiar la cocina.
_____ 5.(acostarse), que ya es tarde.

Solutions: 1) haced 2) Concentraos 3) venid 4) ayudadme 5) Acostaos