Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish – Learn and Practice!

Informal Commands in Spanish - Learn and PRACTICE with Exercises!

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Spanish Affirmative Informal Commands. In other words, how to tell the persons “tú” and “vosotros” to do something.

This lesson will teach you everything about Affirmative Informal Commands: the verb forms we need and how to use them, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.


Click here if you would rather learn Negative and/or Formal Commands


Verb forms

There is an important distinction to make between “tú” commands (to one person) and “vosotros” commands (to several people).

The distinction is:

  • Affirmative “tú” commands can be regular or irregular, depending on the verb.
  • Affirmative “vosotros” commands are ALL regular 🙂

Let’s study them separately:

Affirmative “tú” commands

Regular verbs

For regular verbs, the affirmative “tú” command is identical to the Present Tense’s “él” form, as shown in the following table:

Verb"él" form in Present TenseAffirmative "tú" command
comercomecome
trabajartrabajatrabaja
vivirvivevive
cerrarcierracierra
dormirduermeduerme
pedirpidepide

Example sentences:

Bebe menos.
Drink less.

Come más.
Eat more.

Compra la comida, por favor.
Buy the food, please.

Juega conmigo a las cartas.
Play cards with me.

Por favor, cierra las ventanas.
Close the windows, please.

Pide una cerveza para mí.
Order a beer for me.


Irregular verbs

Here is a list of the most important verbs with irregular affirmative “tú” commands:

VerbAffirmative "tú" command
ser
irve
tenerten
venirven
hacerhaz
decirdi
ponerpon
salirsal

Example sentences:

Pon la mesa.
Set the table.

Ven aquí, por favor.
Come here, please.

Di la verdad.
Tell the truth.

Sal de tu habitación y haz algo.
Get out of your room and do something.


Affirmative “vosotros” commands – They are all regular!

All affirmative “vosotros” commands are regular, even for verbs with irregular “tú” commands.

To form the “vosotros” command, simply replace the verb’s final “r” with a “d”:

A graphic that illustrates how to form Spanish affirmative "vosotros" commands
All affirmative “vosotros” commands is super easy!

VerbAffirmative "vosotros" command
comercomed
hablarhablad
cerrarcerrad
dormirdormid
hacerhaced
decirdecid
ponerponed
salirsalid

Example Sentences:

Comed pasta.
Eat pasta. (you guys)

Abrid las puertas, por favor.
Open the doors, please. (you guys)

Haced vuestras camas.
Make your beds. (you guys)

Tened paciencia.
Have patience. (you guys)

Decid lo que pensáis.
Say what you think. (you guys)

Placement of pronouns like “me, te, lo, le…”

In order to include Reflexive, Direct Object or Indirect Object Pronouns such as “me, te, lo, le, la, los, las, nos, os, se…” with an affirmative command, just attach them at the end of the command:

Ponlo aquí.
Put it here.

Llámanos pronto.
Call us soon.

Llamadnos pronto.
Call us soon. (you guys)

Usadlo.
Use it. (you guys)


If we want to include two pronouns at the same time, they are still attached at the end of the verb, one after another:

mela.
Give it to me.

Cómpranoslo.
Buy it to us.

Mandádmela.
Send it to me. (you guys)

Accent marks when attaching pronouns

Notice the accent marks on some commands when we attach pronouns.

This is how it works:

“Tú” commands often get an accent mark when we attach one or more pronouns, specially when the resulting word is rather long. The accent mark can be on the word’s 3rd or 4th vowel (counting from right to left).

“Vosotros” commands never get an accent mark when we attach one pronoun, but they always get an accent mark when we attach two pronouns. The accent mark must be on the 3rd vowel (counting from right to left)


Special case – Attaching “os” to a “vosotros” command

If we attach the pronoun “os” at the end of a “vosotros” command, the command loses its final “d”.

This happens with reflexive verbs such as “ducharse”, “levantarse”, “concentrarse”…

Examples:

Duchaos, por favor.
Go shower, please. (you guys) – Not “duchados”, because the command loses its final “d”.

Levantaos.
Get up. (you guys) –  Not “levantados”.

Concentraos.
Concentrate. (you guys) – Not “concentrados

Practice

We will now practice affirmative informal commands with a Quiz and some Exercises:

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about this topic:


Exercise 1

Form affirmative “tú” commands of the following verbs.

(The first 4 are regular, the rest are irregular)

1) escuchar
2) leer
3) contar
4) repetir
5) decir
6) salir
7) tener
8) hacer

Solutions:
1) escucha
2) lee
3) cuenta
4) repite
5) di
6) sal
7) ten
8) haz


Exercise 2

For the same verbs in Exercise 1, form affirmative “vosotros” commands.

Solutions:
1) escuchad
2) leed
3) contad
4) repetid
5) decid
6) salid
7) tened
8) haced


Exercise 3

A mother gives her son Juanito many commands during the day.

Fill the gaps using Affirmative “tú” commands. Sometimes you need to attach a pronoun at the end of the command:

Juanito, _____ 1.(levantarse), ¡vas a llegar tarde al cole!
Juanito, get up, you’re going to be late for school!

_____ 2.(hacer) tu cama.
Make your bed.

_____ 3.(limpiar) tu habitación.
Clean your room.

_____ 4.(ducharse).
Take a shower.

_____ 5.(preparar) tu mochila y _____ 6.(irse) al cole.
Prepare your backpack and go to school.

_____ 7. (decir) qué has hecho hoy en clase.
Tell me what you did in class today.

Solutions:
1) levántate
2) Haz
3) Limpia
4) Dúchate
5) Prepara
6) vete
7) Dime


Exercise 4

A mother gives commands to her several children.

Fill the gaps using Affirmative “vosotros” commands. Sometimes you need to attach a pronoun at the end of the command:

Niños, _____ 1.(hacer) las tareas del cole.
Children, do your homework.

_____ 2.(concentrarse).
Concentrate.

Por favor, _____ 3.(venir) y _____ 4.(ayudar) a limpiar la cocina.
Please come and help me clean the kitchen.

_____ 5.(acostarse), ya es tarde.
Go to bed, it’s late.

Solutions:
1) haced
2) Concentraos
3) venid
4) ayudadme
5) Acostaos