Welcome to our lesson about Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish.
In Spanish, giving commands is accomplished through the Imperative Mood. With the Imperative Mood, we tell people to do or not to do something.
There are different types of commands: they can be formal or informal, and on top of that they can be affirmative or negative.
In this lesson, we will talk specifically about Affirmative Informal Commands. That means, how we tell the persons “tú” and “vosotros” to do something.
Now let’s learn all about Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish.
1. Affirmative Informal Commands: Forms
First, we need to learn the verb forms we use to give Affirmative Informal Commands.
There is an important distinction to make between the commands for “tú” and for “vosotros” (in other words, the commands to just one person or to several people). The distinction is:
- Affirmative “tú” commands can be regular or irregular
- Affirmative “vosotros” commands are ALL regular 🙂
Let’s see them in detail:
Affirmative “tú” commands
Most verbs are regular when forming their affirmative “tú” commands.
For those regular verbs, the affirmative “tú” command is identical to the “él” form in Present Tense, as shown in the following table:
|Verb||"él" form in Present Tense||Affirmative "tú" command|
Compra la comida, por favor.
Buy the food, please.
Juega conmigo a las cartas.
Play cards with me.
Por favor, cierra las ventanas.
Close the windows, please.
Pide una cerveza para mí.
Order a beer for me.
Not all verbs have regular affirmative “tú” commands. Here is a list of the most important verbs with irregular affirmative “tú” commands:
|Verb||Affirmative "tú" command|
Pon la mesa.
Set the table.
Ven aquí, por favor.
Come here, please.
Di la verdad.
Tell the truth.
Sal de tu habitación y haz algo.
Get out of your room and do something.
Affirmative “vosotros” commands – They are ALL regular!
Affirmative “vosotros” commands are regular for ALL verbs, even for verbs with irregular “tú” commands.
All affirmative “vosotros” commands are formed by taking the infinitive form of the verb and replacing the final “r” with a “d”, as shown in the following table:
|Verb||Affirmative "vosotros" command|
Eat pasta (you guys)
Abrid la puerta, por favor.
Open the door, please (you guys).
Haced vuestras camas.
Make your beds (you guys).
Have patience (you guys).
Decid lo que pensáis.
Say what you think (you guys).
2. Placement of pronouns like “me, te, lo, la…” in Affirmative Commands
If we want to include Reflexive, Direct Object or Indirect Object Pronouns such as “me, te, lo, la, los, las, nos, os, se…”, we must place them attached at the end of the verb that expresses the affirmative command:
Put it here.
Call us soon.
Call us soon (you guys).
Use it (you guys).
Even if there are two of these pronouns, they are still attached at the end of the verb, one after another:
Give it to me.
Buy it to me
Buy it to me (you guys).
Accent Marks when attaching Pronouns
Look at the sentences above once again. Notice the accent marks on some of the commands when pronouns are attached. This is how it works:
– “Tú” commands often get a an accent mark when attaching pronouns to them, specially when the resulting word is rather long. The accent mark is on the 3rd or 4th vowel (counting from right to left).
– “Vosotros” commands get an accent mark when (and only when) there are two pronouns attached. It must be on the 3rd vowel (counting from right to left)
Special case – Attaching “os” to a “vosotros” command
If we give a command to “vosotros” and we attach the reflexive pronoun “os” at the end, the verb form loses its final “d”.
This phenomenon can happen with Reflexive Verbs, such as “ducharse”, “levantarse”, “concentrarse”…
Duchaos , por favor.
Shower, please (you guys). – Not “
duchados”, because the verb form loses the final “d”.
Get up (you guys) – Not “
Concentrate (you guys) – Not “
3. Practice Affirmative Informal Commands
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish:
This mother gives his child Juanito many commands during the day. Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using Spanish Affirmative Informal “tú” commands. Then check the solutions below:
Juanito, _____ 1.(levantarse), ¡vas a llegar tarde al cole!
Juanito, _____ 2.(hacer) tu cama.
Juanito, _____ 3.(ducharse).
Juanito, _____ 4.(preparar) tu mochila y _____ 5.(irse) al cole.
Juanito, _____ 6. (decirme) qué has habéis hecho hoy en clase.
Juanito, ¿has hecho las tareas? ¡_____ 7.(hacerlas) ya!
Juanito, por favor, _____ 8.(venir) y _____ 9.(ayudarme) a limpiar la cocina.
Juanito, _____ 10.(acostarse), que ya es tarde.
Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = levántate, 2 = haz, 3 = dúchate, 4 = prepara, 5 = vete, 6 = dime, 7 = hazlas, 8 = ven, 9 = ayúdame, 10 = acuéstate.