Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish

Affirmative Informal Commands in Spanish - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about affirmative informal commands in Spanish.

These are commands where we tell one person (“tú”) or several people (“vosotros”) to do something.

A couple of affirmative informal commands to one person in Spanish
Examples: a couple of commands to one person

This lesson explains the verb forms we need for these commands and how to use them, providing examples.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for practice.


Important: Remember that in this lesson we are only talking about affirmative commands, not negative commands.

Also, we are only talking about informal commands.

If you want to learn negative and/or formal commands, click here



Verb forms

There is an important distinction between “tú” and “vosotros” commands:

  • “tú” commands (to one person) can be regular or irregular, depending on the verb
  • “vosotros” commands (to several people) are ALL regular 🙂

Let’s study them separately:

“tú” commands

Regular verbs

For regular verbs, the “tú” command is identical to the Present Tense’s “él” form.

Examples:

Verb"él" form in Present Tense"tú" command
comercomecome
trabajartrabajatrabaja
vivirvivevive
cerrarcierracierra
dormirduermeduerme
pedirpidepide

Some sentences:

Habla conmigo, por favor.
Talk to me, please.

Bebe menos.
Drink less.

Come más.
Eat more.

Juega conmigo a las cartas.
Play cards with me.

Por favor, cierra las ventanas.
Close the windows, please.

Pide una cerveza para mí.
Order a beer for me.


Irregular verbs

The following are the most important verbs with irregular “tú” commands:

Verb"tú" command
ser
irve
tenerten
venirven
hacerhaz
decirdi
ponerpon
salirsal

Some sentences:

Pon la mesa.
Set the table.

Ven aquí, por favor.
Come here, please.

Di la verdad.
Tell the truth.

Sal de tu habitación y haz algo.
Get out of your room and do something.


“vosotros” commands

To give “vosotros” commands, simply replace the verb’s final “r” with a “d”:

A graphic that illustrates how to form Spanish affirmative "vosotros" commands
“vosotros” commands – Super easy!


“vosotros” commands are all regular, even for verbs with irregular “tú” commands.

Examples:

Verb"vosotros" command
comercomed
hablarhablad
cerrarcerrad
dormirdormid
hacerhaced
decirdecid
ponerponed
salirsalid


Some sentences:

Comed pasta.
Eat pasta. (you guys)

Abrid las puertas, por favor.
Open the doors, please. (you guys)

Haced vuestras camas.
Make your beds. (you guys)

Tened paciencia.
Have patience. (you guys)

Decid lo que pensáis.
Say what you think. (you guys)

Placement of reflexive and object pronouns

In order to include reflexive or object pronouns like me, te, lo, le, la, los, las, nos, os, se… with an affirmative command, just attach the pronoun at the end of the verb:

Ponlo aquí.
Put it here.

Llámanos pronto.
Call us soon.

Llamadnos pronto.
Call us soon. (you guys)

Usadlo.
Use it. (you guys)


If we want to include two of these pronouns, we attach them one after another:

mela.
Give it to me.

Cómpranoslo.
Buy it to us.

Mandádmela.
Send it to me. (you guys)

Accent marks when pronouns are attached

Notice the accent marks on some commands when we attach pronouns.

This is how it works:

“tú” commands sometimes get an accent mark when we attach one or more pronouns, specially when the resulting word is rather long. The accent mark can be on the word’s 3rd or 4th vowel (counting from right to left).
Example: Llámanos

“vosotros” commands never get an accent mark when we attach one pronoun, but always get an accent mark when we attach two pronouns. The accent mark must be on the 3rd vowel (counting from right to left).
Example: Mandádmela


Special case – attaching “os” to a “vosotros” command

If we attach the pronoun os at the end of a “vosotros” command, the command loses its final “d”.

This happens with reflexive verbs such as “ducharse”, “levantarse”, “concentrarse”…

Examples:

Duchaos, por favor.
Take a shower, please. (you guys) – Not “duchados”, because the command loses its final “d”.

Levantaos.
Get up. (you guys) –  Not “levantados”.

Concentraos.
Concentrate. (you guys) – Not “concentrados

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about affirmative informal commands:


Exercise 1

Make “tú” commands for the following verbs:

1) escuchar
2) leer
3) contar
4) repetir
5) decir
6) salir
7) tener
8) hacer

Solutions:
1) escucha
2) lee
3) cuenta
4) repite
5) di
6) sal
7) ten
8) haz


Exercise 2

For the same verbs in Exercise 1, make “vosotros” commands.

Solutions:
1) escuchad
2) leed
3) contad
4) repetid
5) decid
6) salid
7) tened
8) haced


Exercise 3

A mother gives her son Juanito many commands during the day.

Fill the gaps with “tú” commands. Sometimes you need to attach a pronoun at the end of the command:

Juanito, ___ 1.(levantarse), ¡vas a llegar tarde al cole!
Juanito, get up, you’re going to be late for school!

___ 2.(hacer) tu cama.
Make your bed.

___ 3.(limpiar) tu habitación.
Clean your room.

___ 4.(ducharse).
Take a shower.

___ 5.(preparar) tu mochila y ___ 6.(irse) al cole.
Prepare your backpack and go to school.

___ 7. (decir) qué has hecho hoy en clase.
Tell me what you did in class today.

Solutions:
1) levántate
2) Haz
3) Limpia
4) Dúchate
5) Prepara
6) vete
7) Dime


Exercise 4

A mother gives commands to her several children.

Fill the gaps with “vosotros” commands. Sometimes you need to attach a pronoun at the end of the command:

Niños, ___ 1.(hacer) las tareas del cole.
Children, do your homework.

___ 2.(concentrarse).
Concentrate.

Por favor, ___ 3.(venir) y ___ 4.(ayudar) a limpiar la cocina.
Please come and help clean the kitchen.

___ 5.(acostarse), ya es tarde.
Go to bed, it’s late.

Solutions:
1) haced
2) Concentraos
3) venid
4) ayudad
5) Acostaos

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