Spanish Indefinite Articles

un una unos unas in Spanish - Spanish Indefinite Articles

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Spanish indefinite articles (“artículos indeterminados”).

Indefinite articles in Spanish are: ununaunosunas.

These articles precede nouns in many circumstances.

We have 4 different forms because the article needs to match the noun’s gender and number.

This lesson will teach you everything about Spanish indefinite articles, with examples of their use.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

The 4 indefinite articles

Because we need to match the noun’s gender and number, there are 4 different indefinite articles:

 MasculineFeminine
Singularununa
Pluralunosunas

Their meanings are:

  • un, una are equivalent to the English “a”, “an” or “one”.
  • unos, unas are equivalent to the English “some” or “a few”


Examples with nouns

un + masculine singular nouns:

un coche, un profesor, un rayo, un árbol
a car, a teacher, a ray, a tree


una + feminine singular nouns:

una casa, una canción, una flor, una mujer
a house, a song, a flower, a woman


unos + masculine plural nouns:

unos amigos, unos vasos, unos problemas
some friends, a few glasses, some problems


unas + feminine plural nouns:

unas señoras, unas manzanas, unas palabras
a few ladies, some apples, a few words

Sentences with indefinite articles

Here are some example sentences that include indefinite articles:

Hay un hombre en la casa.
There is a man in the house.

Mallorca es una isla de España.
Mallorca is an island of Spain. 

Tengo unos libros interesantes.
I have a few interesting books.

Manuel conoce a unas chicas muy simpáticas.
Manuel knows some very nice girls.

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about Spanish indefinite articles:


Exercise

In the following sentences, fill the gaps using “un – una – unos – unas”.

Note: in this lesson, we haven’t really explained how to guess if a noun is masculine or feminine (we have another lesson for that).

But you can try to guess anyway!

1) Laura está con __ amigas.
Laura is with some friends. (female friends)

2) Ella tiene __ mensaje para ti.
She has a message for you.

3) Yo tengo __ caramelos muy ricos.
I have some delicious candies.

4) __ cerveza, por favor.
A beer, please.

5) En la biblioteca hay __ libros muy interesantes.
In the library there are some very interesting books.

6) __ chico de mi clase toca el violín.
A boy in my class plays the violin.

Solutions:
1) unas
2) un
3) unos
4) Una
5) unos
6) Un

What about definite articles?

In this lesson we have learned only about indefinite articles.

But there are other articles in Spanish, called definite articles (ellaloslas).

Click here to learn about Definite Articles!

Related topics

Ir arriba