Spanish Neuter Article “Lo” – How to Use It

Spanish Neuter Article Lo

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the neuter article “lo” in Spanish.

The neuter article “lo” is much less frequent than masculine and feminine articles “el” and “la”. However it exists, and so the Spanish student needs to learn it 🙂

In this lesson, we will learn about Spanish neuter article “lo”, its different meanings and its uses, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find an exercise for practice.

Neuter “lo” meaning “the thing” or “the things”

The article “lo” can serve as a substitute for “la cosa” (the thing) or “las cosas” (the things).

Be using “lo”, we can make certain sentences shorter and more elegant. Look:

La cosa importante es estudiar mucho.
Lo importante es estudiar mucho.

Both sentences mean “The important thing is to study a lot”. By changing “la cosa” for “lo”, the sentence becomes shorter.

La cosa más bonita es el centro de la ciudad.
Lo más bonito es el centro de la ciudad.

Both mean “The most beautiful thing is the city center”.

No entiendo las cosas que dices.
No entiendo lo que dices.

Both mean “I don’t understand what you say (the things that you say)”.

La cosa que quiero es jugar.
Lo que quiero es jugar.

Both mean “What I want (the thing that I want) is to play”.

Note: All adjectives connected to “lo” must be in masculine singular form.

For example, in one of the sentences above, “la cosa más bonita” becomes “lo más bonito“.

Neuter “lo” to emphasize a quality

We can use “lo” before an adjective or an adverb, in order to emphasize a certain quality.

In this type of sentence, we also need to place “que” after the adjective or adverb:

Es increíble lo inteligente que eres.
It’s incredible how intelligent you are.

Me gusta lo despacio que hablas.
I like how slow you talk. 

Practice neuter article “lo”

Exercise

This exercise presents you with several pairs of sentences.

Fill the gaps in your mind of on a piece of paper using the neuter article “lo” (and whatever other words you need in order to complete the sentence), so that both sentences of each pair have the same meaning. Then check the solutions below:

Me gustan las cosas exóticas.
Me gusta ___ _____ (1)

Hemos hecho la cosa más difícil del mundo.
Hemos hecho ___ ___ _____ (2) del mundo.

El anillo es la cosa más cara en esta joyería.
El anillo es ___ ___ _____ (3) en esta joyería.

¡Es la mejor cosa!
¡Es ___ _____ (4)!

A Francisco le interesan todas las cosas religiosas.
A Francisco le interesa ____ ___ ______ (5).

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = lo exótico, 2 = lo más difícil, 3 = lo más caro, 4 = lo mejor, 5 = todo lo religioso

A different “lo” in Spanish: Direct object pronoun “lo”

This lesson is about the neuter article “lo”. But there is another “lo” in Spanish, which is not an article, but a Direct Object Pronoun. Click here for our lesson about Direct Object Pronouns.