Comparisons of Inequality in Spanish are comparisons in which two things or people are unequal in some way. For example, the sentences in English “a tree is taller than a flower”, or “Laura has more money than John” are comparisons of inequality.
In order to make comparisons of equality in Spanish, we will basically use two formulas: the formula “más que” and the formula “menos que”.
In this lesson we will learn and practice both formulas for comparisons of inequality in Spanish, providing example sentences.
1. Comparisons of inequality with the formula “más que”
The formula “más que” means “more than”. We just need to fill in the blanks.
Ana tiene más amigos que Laura.
Ana has more friends than Laura.
Superman es más interesante que Batman.
Superman is more interesting than Batman.
Yo corro más que tú.
I run more than you do.
When we have in English a sentence such as “Mario is taller than Juan” or “My car is faster than yours”, we need to make this transformation in our mind:
Mario is taller than Juan → Mario is more tall than Juan → Mario es más alto que Juan.
My car is faster than yours → My car is more fast than yours → Mi coche es más rápido que el tuyo.
So we don’t say “taller”, we say “more tall”, etc.
Exceptions of the “más que” formula
As we just explained, in general, whenever we want to translate comparative adjectives such as “taller” or “faster” to Spanish, what we actually need to translate is “more tall” and “more fast”.
However, there are a few exceptions: adjectives which do have a special comparative form.
The most important ones are:
- mejor = better. (Plural: mejores)
- peor = worse. (Plural: peores)
- mayor = older. (Plural: mayores)
- menor = younger. (Plural: menores)
Of course, for these few cases, we don’t include the word “más” in our comparisons of inequality.
Estos libros son mejores que estos cómics.
These books are better than these comics.
“El Hobbit” es peor que “El Señor de los Anillos”.
“The Hobbit” is worse than “Lord of the Rings”.
Mis hermanos son mayores que yo.
My brothers are older than me.
Ana es menor que Laura.
Ana is younger than Laura.
2. Comparisons of inequality with the formula “menos que”
The formula “menos que” means “less than”. We just need to fill in the blanks.
Pablo fuma menos que Luis.
Pablo smokes less than Luis.
Ellos ganan menos dinero que nosotros.
They earn less money than we do.
Matemáticas es menos difícil que Química.
Math is less difficult than Chemistry.
3. Practice: A Quiz
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about comparisons of inequality in Spanish: