Comparisons of Inequality are comparisons in which two concepts are unequal in some way. For example, a tree is taller than a flower, or someone has less money than somebody else…
Most of these comparisons on inequality are expressed through the formulas “más que” and “menos que”.
In this post, we will go through these points:
1. “Más… que…” formula
The formula “más… que” means “more… than”. We just need to fill in the blanks.
Ana tiene más amigos que Laura.
Ana has more friends than Laura.
Superman es más interesante que Batman.
Superman is more interesting than Batman.
In general, in order o translate English sentences such as “Mario is taller than Juan” or “My car is faster than yours”, just do the following:
Mario is taller than Juan → Mario is more tall than Juan → Mario es más alto que Juan.
My car is faster than yours → My car is more fast than yours → Mi coche es más rápido que el tuyo.
Exceptions to the “más que” formula
We have explained that in general, when you want to translate “taller” or “faster” to Spanish, what we actually translate is “more tall” and “more fast”.
However, there are a few adjectives and pronouns which do have a special form, analogous to the English “-er” words.
The most important cases are:
- mejor = better. (Plural: mejores)
- peor = worse. (Plural: peores)
- mayor = older. (Plural: mayores)
- menor = younger. (Plural: menores)
Of course, for these few words, we don’t include the word “más” in the comparison.
Estos libros son mejores que estos cómics.
These books are better than these comics.
“El Hobbit” es peor que “El Señor de los Anillos”.
“The Hobbit” is worse than “Lord of the Rings”.
Mis hermanos son mayores que yo.
My brothers are older than me.
Ana es menor que Laura.
Ana is younger than Laura.
2. “Menos… que…” formula
The formula “menos… que…” means “less… than…”. You just need to fill in the blanks.
Pablo fuma menos que Luis.
Pablo smokes less than Luis.
Ellos ganan menos dinero que nosotros.
They earn less money than we do.
Matemáticas es menos difícil que Química.
Math is less difficult than Chemistry.
3. Practice: A Quiz
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about comparisons of inequality!: