“Muy” vs. “Mucho” in Spanish – Explanation and Practice

Muy vs Mucho, Learn and Practice the Difference

Welcome to our grammar lesson about muy vs mucho, where we will learn and practice these Spanish words.

muy and mucho are usually taught around the same time in Spanish courses.

In this lesson, we will learn the difference between “muy” and “mucho”, and when do we use each word. Of course we will provide examples to make it clear.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

muy

muy means “very”.

We can only place muy before an adjective or an adverb (such as “grande, fuerte, rápido”…).

muy never changes its form. It is always muy:

Tu amigo es muy simpático.
Your friend is very nice.

Tus amigos son muy simpáticos.
Your friends are very nice.

Tengo un ordenador muy viejo.
I have a very old computer.

Pablo está muy cansado.
Pablo is very tired.

Ella canta muy bien.
She sings very well.

Patricia conduce muy rápido.
Patricia drives very fast.


muy always needs an adjective or an adverb right after it.

Otherwise, it becomes mucho:

¿Estás muy cansada?
Are you very tired?

Sí, mucho.
Yes, very.

mucho

mucho (and its feminine and plural variations) can mean “much, many, a lot, a lot of”.

When mucho is connected to a noun, it needs to match the noun’s gender and number.

This results in 4 possible forms:

  • mucho (masculine singular)
  • mucha (feminine singular)
  • muchos (masculine plural)
  • muchas (feminine plural)


Examples:

¿Tienes muchos amigos en Madrid?
Do you have many friends in Madrid?

Sí, muchos.
Yes, many. (although the noun is not mentioned, we still mean amigos)

Paco gana mucho dinero.
Paco earns a lot of money. 

Muchas personas quieren trabajar.
Many people want to work.

Conozco muchas.
I know many. (“muchas” is connected to a feminine plural noun, even if we don’t mention it here. For example, it could be ciudades)

María tiene mucha paciencia contigo… ¡mucha!
María has a lot of patience with you… a lot!


But when mucho is not connected to a noun, then it is always mucho, without variation:

¿Corres mucho?
Do you run a lot?

Sí, mucho.
Yes, a lot.

Los niños pequeños duermen mucho.
Small children sleep a lot.

Me gusta mucho jugar a las cartas.
I like playing cards a lot. (be careful: “mucho” is not connected to the noun “cartas”, but to “jugar”. We don’t mean “a lot of cards”)

Me gustan mucho las flores.
I like flowers a lot. (again, “mucho” is not connected to “flores”. We don’t mean “a lot of flowers”)

Practice

Quiz

Take this Quiz to test your knowledge about “muy” vs “mucho”:

Exercise

Now we are going to practice “muy” vs “mucho” with sentences.

Fill the gaps using either “muy” or “mucho / mucha / muchos / muchas”:

1) Mi familia tiene ___ coches.
My family has many cars.

2) Los libros son ___ interesantes.
The books are very interesting.

3) Nuestros amigos están ___ contentos.
Our friends are very happy.

4) Me interesa ___ la política americana.
American politics interests me a lot.

5) Tú has visitado ___ ciudades.
You have visited many towns.

6) Nos gustan ___ las sillas.
We like the chairs a lot.

7) Esta máquina es ___ eficiente.
This machine is very efficient.

8) Ella trabaja ___.
She works a lot.

DIÁLOGO:
9) ¿Estás ___ contento?
Are you very happy?
10) Sí, ___.
Yes, very.

Solutions:
1) muchos
2) muy
3) muy
4) mucho
5) muchas
6) mucho
7) muy
8) mucho
9) muy
10) mucho

… and what does “muchísimo” mean?

muchísimo is the superlative of “mucho”, and it also has variations depending on gender and number:

 Superlative
muchomuchísimo
muchamuchísima
muchosmuchísimos
muchasmuchísimas


Every single time in this lesson where we have used “mucho” or any of its variations, we could use the superlative instead for more emphasis.

Examples:

Paco gana mucho dinero.
Paco earns a lot of money.
Paco gana muchísimo dinero.
Paco earns a whole lot of money. 

Muchas personas quieren trabajar.
Many people want to work.
Muchísimas personas quieren trabajar.
Very many people want to work.

If you are interested, we have a separate lesson on how to form superlatives with “-ísimo”:

Spanish superlatives with the ending “-ísimo”