Spanish “Muy” vs. “Mucho”

Spanish Muy Vs Mucho

Spanish words “muy” and “mucho” are usually learned around the same time in Spanish courses. They have similar meanings, so the Spanish student should learn how to choose “Muy” vs. “Mucho” in sentences.

The basic meanings of “muy” and “mucho” are:

  • “Muy” = very
  • “Mucho” = much, a lot

In this post we will learn when to use “muy” and when to use “mucho”, providing example sentences.

1. “Muy”: Meaning and Use

“Muy” is an adverb that means “very”.

The word “muy” is always placed before an adjective or another adverb (such as “tall”, “strong”, “quickly”…).

It never changes its form. It is always “muy”.

Examples:

Tu amigo es muy simpático.
Your friend is very nice.

Tus amigos son muy simpáticos.
Your friends are very nice.

Tengo un ordenador muy viejo.
I have a very old computer.

Pablo está muy cansado.
Pablo is very tired.

Canta muy bien.
He/she sings very well.

Patricia conduce muy rápido.
Patricia drives very fast.


Remember: “Muy” ALWAYS needs an adjective or adverb right after it. Otherwise, it transforms into “mucho”.

Example of this transformation:

¿Estás muy cansada?
Are you very tired?

Sí, mucho.
Yes, very.

2. “Mucho”: Meaning and Use

“Mucho” is sometimes an adverb and sometimes an adjective. It means “much, many, a lot of, a lot”.

When “mucho” is an adjective connected to a noun, it has to match its gender and number. That results in 4 possible forms:

  • mucho  (masculine singular)
  • mucha  (feminine singular)
  • muchos  (masculine plural)
  • muchas  (feminine plural)


Examples:

¿Tienes muchos amigos en Madrid?
Do you have many friends in Madrid?

Sí, muchos.
Yes, many.

Paco gana mucho dinero.
Paco earns a lot of money. 

Muchas personas quieren trabajar menos.
Many people want to work less.

María tiene mucha paciencia contigo… ¡mucha!
María has a lot of patience with you… a lot!


However, when “mucho” is an adverb connected to a verb instead of a noun, it is always “mucho”, without variation:

Me gusta mucho jugar al fútbol.
I like playing football a lot.

¿Corres mucho?
Do you run a lot?

Sí, mucho.
Yes, a lot.

Los niños pequeños duermen mucho.
Small children sleep a lot.

Te quiero mucho.
I love you very much (for the English “very much”, we can also say “muchísimo”, but never “muy mucho”)

3. And how do we say “very much” in Spanish?

“Muy mucho” is correct Spanish, but not frequently used, as it sounds rather strange.

We say just say “mucho” or, if we want to emphasize, “muchísimo”. (Learn about other Spanish words ending in “-ísimo”)

4. Practice “Muy” vs “Mucho”

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about “Muy” vs “Mucho”:

Exercise

Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using “muy” or “mucho/a/os/as” in Present Tense. Then check the solutions below.

1. Mi familia tiene ______ coches.
2. Los libros son ______ interesantes.
3. Nuestros amigos están ______ tristes.
4. Me interesa ______ la política americana.
5. Tú has visitado ______ ciudades.

6. ¿Estás _____ contento?
7. Sí, ______.

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = muchos, 2 = muy, 3 = muy, 4 = mucho, 5 = muchas, 6 = muy, 7 = mucho