Welcome to our grammar lesson about Spanish verb “Seguir”.
The verb “seguir” has two main meanings:
- In some sentences, it means “to continue”, “to go on”, “to keep”… It indicates that an action or situation continues to happen, is still happening.
- In other sentences, it means “to follow”.
In this lesson, we are going to focus more on its first meaning (“to continue, to keep…”) because “seguir” produces some interesting grammar structures when it has that meaning.
After that, we will also read some example sentences of “seguir” with its other meaning (“to follow”).
At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for Practice.
1. Conjugations of Spanish verb “Seguir”
Before we start using this verb, we are going to review its conjugation in a couple of tenses.
We have chosen the Present Tense and the Preterite Tense, which are very frequent in Spanish. “Seguir” happens to be irregular in both of tenses:
2. “Seguir” meaning “to continue, to keep…”
When it means “to continue, to keep…”, “seguir” produces the following grammar structures:
“Seguir” + Gerundio
If we want to communicate that something continues to happen, is still happening, we conjugate “seguir” in the proper tense, followed by the Gerundio (Gerund) of the main verb.
Mi tía sigue fumando.
My aunt keeps smoking.
Are you guys still eating?
Clara sigue trabajando.
Clara keeps working.
Nuestros huéspedes siguen durmiendo.
Our guests are still sleeping.
El jugador siguió marcando goles.
The player kept scoring goals. (Preterite Tense).
Ella ha seguido hablando.
She has kept talking (Present Perfect Tense)
The Gerundio of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ando.
The Gerundio of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -iendo.
But there are also some verbs with an irregular Gerundio.
Click here to learn more about forming the Gerundio, and its Irregularities.
“Seguir” + “sin” + Infinitive
If we want to communicate that something continues NOT to happen, is still NOT happening, we conjugate “seguir” in the proper tense, followed by the preposition “sin” and the Infinitive form of the main verb.
Sigo sin saber qué quieres.
I still don’t know what you want.
¿Sigues sin hablar con él?
Are you still not talking to him?
Seguimos sin entender la explicación.
We still don’t understand the explanation.
Él siguió sin trabajar tres años más.
He kept not working for three more years. (Preterite Tense)
“Seguir”, without any other verb
Of course, we can also use the verb “seguir” by itself, without any other verb:
¿Sigo con esto?
Do I go on with this?
Sigue, por favor.
Continue / go on, please. (Imperative tense).
Tenemos que seguir así.
We must go on like this.
3. “Seguir” meaning “to follow…”
“Seguir” can also mean “to follow”, and with this meaning there are no complicated grammar structures to learn:
Yo sigo las reglas.
I follow the rules.
Ellos siguen los pasos.
They follow the steps.
Sometimes (especially when a person or a moving object is being followed), we need the preposition “a” after “seguir”.
Sigue a ese coche, por favor.
Follow that car, please.
Nosotros seguimos al líder.
We follow the leader.
4. Practice the Spanish verb “Seguir”
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about Spanish verb “Seguir”:
The following sentences contain the Spanish verb “Seguir”. All sentences are in Present Tense. Sometimes you need to conjugate the verb “seguir”, and other times the verb after it.
Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper. Then check the solutions below:
Yo _____ 1.(seguir) aprendiendo español.
Martina sigue sin _____ 2.(fumar).
Tú sigues _____ 3.(ser) mi persona favorita.
Marta y Luis _____ 4.(seguir) sin hablarse.
– ¿_____ 5.(seguir, vosotros) ahí?
– Sí, _____ 6.(seguir) aquí.
Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = sigo, 2 = fumar, 3 = siendo, 4 = siguen, 5 = Seguís, 6 = seguimos