Spanish “Seguir” – Learn and Practice this Verb

Spanish verb Seguir, Learn and Practice this Verb

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Spanish seguir, where we will learn about the meanings of this verb, and how to use it correctly.

The verb seguir has 2 main meanings:

  • In some sentences, it means “to continue”, “to go on”, “to keep… (doing something)”
  • In other sentences, it means “to follow”.

In this lesson, we will learn how to use “seguir” with its different meanings, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for Practice.

Conjugations of verb “seguir”

Before we start using “seguir”, let’s review its conjugation in a couple of tenses: the Present and the Preterite.

This verb happens to be irregular in both tenses:

 PresentPreterite
yosigoseguí
siguesseguiste
élsiguesiguió
nosotrosseguimosseguimos
vosotrosseguísseguisteis
ellossiguensiguieron

“seguir” meaning “to continue, to keep…”

When it means “to continue, to keep…”, “seguir” produces the following grammar structures:

“seguir” + Gerundio

If we want to communicate that something continues to happen, is still happening… we conjugate seguir in whatever tense we need, followed by a verb in Gerundio form.

Example Sentences:

Mi tía sigue fumando.
My aunt keeps smoking.

¿Seguís comiendo?
Are you guys still eating?

Clara sigue trabajando.
Clara keeps working.

Nuestros huéspedes siguen durmiendo.
Our guests are still sleeping.

El jugador siguió marcando goles.
The player kept scoring goals. (“siguió” is Preterite Tense).

Ella ha seguido hablando.
She has kept talking (“ha seguido” is Present Perfect Tense)

Remember…

The Gerundio of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ando.
The Gerundio of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -iendo.

Some verbs have an irregular Gerundio, with some irregularity in its stem. The most frequent irregulars are:

decir → diciendo
dormir → durmiendo
morir → muriendo
pedir → pidiendo
venir → viniendo
leer → leyendo
oír → oyendo
ir → yendo

Click here to learn all about the Gerundio, and more irregular Gerundios.


“seguir sin” + Infinitive

If we want to communicate that something continues NOT to happen, is still NOT happening, we conjugate seguir in whatever tense we need, followed by the preposition sin and a verb in Infinitive form.


Examples sentences:

Sigo sin saber qué quieres.
I still don’t know what you want.

¿Sigues sin hablar con él?
Are you still not talking to him?

Seguimos sin entender la explicación.
We still don’t understand the explanation.

Él siguió sin trabajar tres años más.
He continued not to work for three more years. (Preterite Tense)


“seguir”, without any other verb

Sometimes we use seguir by itself, without any other verb:

¿Sigo con esto?
Do I go on with this?

Sigue, por favor.
Continue / go on, please. (Imperative tense).

Tenemos que seguir así.
We must go on like this.


For example, it is frequent to use “seguir” without any other verb when giving directions:

Sigue todo recto.
Go on / drive on straight ahead.

Sigue hasta el semáforo y luego gira a la derecha.
Continue until the traffic lights and then turn right.

“seguir” meaning “to follow…”

“Seguir” can also mean “to follow”, and with this meaning there are no interesting grammar structures to learn, it’s pretty simple:

Yo sigo las reglas.
I follow the rules.

Ellos siguen los pasos.
They follow the steps.

Sometimes (especially when a person or a moving object is being followed), we need the preposition a after seguir.

Sigue a ese coche, por favor.
Follow that car, please.

Nosotros seguimos al líder.
We follow the leader.

Practice “seguir”

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about “seguir”:

Exercise 1

In this exercise, we are going to practice the conjugation of “seguir” in Present Tense.

In the following sentences, fill the blanks with “seguir” properly conjugated:

1. Yo _____ aprendiendo español.
I keep learning Spanish.

2. Martina y Luis _____ sin fumar.
Martina and Luis keep not smoking.

3. Nosotras _____ practicando.
We keep practicing.

4. Vosotros _____ meditando dos veces al día.
You guys keep meditating twice a day.

5. Tú _____ sin comprender el problema.
You still don’t understand the problem.

6. Mi padre _____ haciendo la cena.
My father is still making dinner.

Solutions:
1) sigo
2) siguen
3) seguimos
4) seguís
5) sigues
6) sigue


Exercise 2

In the following sentences, the verb “seguir” is already included.

What we need to do is fill the blanks with the other verb in brackets, either in Infinitive or in Gerundio form:

1. Tú sigues _____ (ser) mi persona favorita.
You are still my favorite person.

2. Pablo sigue sin _____ (hablar).
Pablo continues not to talk.

3. Vosotras seguís _____ (dormir).
You girls are still sleeping.

4. ¿Tú sigues sin _____ (beber) alcohol?
Are you still not drinking alcohol?

5. Yo sigo _____ (trabajar) en mi proyecto.
I’m still working on my project.

6. Nosotros seguimos sin _____ (tener) respuesta.
We still don’t have an answer.

Solutions:
1) siendo
2) hablar
3) durmiendo
4) beber
5) trabajando
6) tener