The Spanish verb “Seguir” has two basic meanings:
- On one hand, it means “to continue”, “to go on”, “to keep”… It indicates that an action or situation continues to happen, is still happening.
- On the other hand, it also means “to follow”.
In this lesson, we are going to focus more on its first meaning of verb “Seguir” (“to continue, to keep…”) because, with that meaning, this verb presents some grammar structures that the Spanish learner needs to know.
At the end of the lesson, you can also find a couple of example sentences for “Seguir” with its other meaning (“to follow”).
We will go through the following points:
1. Conjugation of Spanish Verb “Seguir”
Before we learn how to use this verb, let’s learn its conjugation in a couple of tenses. We have chosen to give you its conjugation in Present Tense and in Preterite Tense, because “seguir” is irregular in both tenses:
1. Spanish verb “Seguir” meaning “to continue, to keep”
“Seguir” + Gerundio
If we want to communicate that something continues to happen, is still happening, we need to conjugate the verb “seguir”, followed by the Gerundio form of the main verb.
Remember… The Gerundio of a verb is usually formed with the ending “-ANDO” for verbs whose infinitive ends in “-AR”, and “-IENDO” for verbs ending in “-ER, -IR”). There are also a few Irregular Gerundios. Click here to learn more about the Gerundio and its Irregularities.
Mi tía sigue fumando.
My aunt keeps on smoking.
Are you guys still eating / you guys keep on eating?
Clara sigue trabajando.
Clara keeps on working / is still working.
Nuestros huéspedes siguen durmiendo.
Our guests are still sleeping.
El jugador siguió marcando goles.
The player kept scoring goals. (Preterite Tense).
“Seguir” + “sin” + Infinitive
If we want to communicate that something continues NOT to happen, is still NOT happening, we need to conjugate the verb “seguir”, followed by the preposition “sin” and the Infinitive form of the main verb.
Examples in Present Tense:
Sigo sin saber qué quieres.
I still don’t know what you want.
¿Sigues sin hablar con él?
Are you still not talking to him?
Seguimos sin entender la explicación.
We still don’t understand the explanation.
Él siguió sin trabajar tres años más.
He kept not working for three more years. (Preterite Tense)
“Seguir”, without any other verb
Of course, we can also use the verb “seguir” without any additional verb:
¿Sigo con esto?
Do I go on with this?
Sigue, por favor.
Continue / go on, please. (Imperative tense).
Tenemos que seguir así.
We must go on like this.
Also, if we have a sentence with the structure (“Seguir” + Gerundio), and if the Gerundio is “estando”, we have the option to completely remove “estando”, and the meaning stays the same.
For example, these 2 sentences have the same meaning: “Are you still in the office?”
¿Sigues estando en la oficina?
¿Sigues en la oficina?
2. Spanish verb “Seguir” meaning “to follow…”
The verb seguir also means “to follow”, and for this meaning there are no complicated grammar structures to learn.
Sometimes (especially when what is followed is a person or a moving object), “seguir” is followed by the preposition “a”.
Yo sigo las reglas.
I follow the rules.
Sigue a ese coche, por favor.
Follow that car, please.
Nosotros seguimos al líder.
We follow the leader.
3. Practice about Spanish verb “Seguir”: A Quiz
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about Spanish verb “Seguir”:
4. Practice: An Exercise
The following sentences contain the Spanish verb “Seguir”. All sentences are in Present Tense. Sometimes you need to conjugate the verb “seguir”, and other times the verb after it.
Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper. Then check the solutions at the end of this post.
Yo _____ 1.(seguir) aprendiendo español.
Martina sigue sin _____ 2.(fumar).
Tú sigues _____ 3.(ser) mi persona favorita.
Marta y Luis _____ 4.(seguir) sin hablarse.
– ¿_____ 5.(seguir, vosotros) ahí?
– Sí, _____ 6.(seguir) aquí.
Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = sigo, 2 = fumar, 3 = siendo, 4 = siguen, 5 = Seguís, 6 = seguimos