The verb “seguir” in Spanish

Seguir in Spanish - Meaning and Use of this Verb

Welcome to our grammar lesson about the verb seguir in Spanish.

seguir has two basic meanings:

  • In some sentences, it means “to continue”, “to go on”, “to keep… (doing something)”.
  • In other sentences, it means “to follow”.
Two Spanish sentences where "seguir" means to continue, to keep...
Two sentences where “seguir” means to continue, to keep…

In this lesson, we will learn how to use “seguir” with its different meanings, providing example sentences.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and Exercises for Practice.

Conjugations of “seguir”

Before we learn to use “seguir”, let’s review its conjugation in a couple of tenses: the Present and the Preterite.

“seguir” is irregular in both tenses, because the letter i replaces e for some persons:

 PresentPreterite
yosigoseguí
siguesseguiste
élsiguesiguió
nosotrosseguimosseguimos
vosotrosseguísseguisteis
ellossiguensiguieron

“seguir” meaning “to continue, to keep…”

When “seguir” means “to continue, to keep…”, it produces the following grammar structures:

“seguir” + Gerundio

In order to express that something continues to happen, is still happening… we conjugate seguir in whatever tense we need, followed by another verb in Gerundio form.

Examples:

Mi tía sigue fumando.
My aunt keeps smoking.

¿Vosotros seguís comiendo?
Are you guys still eating?

Clara sigue trabajando.
Clara keeps working.

Nuestros huéspedes siguen durmiendo.
Our guests are still sleeping.

El jugador siguió marcando goles.
The player continued to score goals. (“siguió” is “seguir” in Preterite Tense).

Ella ha seguido hablando.
She has kept talking. (“ha seguido” is “seguir” in Present Perfect)

Remember…

The Gerundio of regular verbs in -ar ends in -ando.
The Gerundio of regular verbs in -er and -ir ends in -iendo.

Some verbs have an irregular Gerundio. The most frequent irregulars are:

decir → diciendo
dormir → durmiendo
morir → muriendo
pedir → pidiendo
venir → viniendo
leer → leyendo
oír → oyendo
ir → yendo

Click here to learn all about the Gerundio, and more irregular Gerundios.


“seguir sin” + Infinitive

In order to express that something continues NOT to happen, is still NOT happening, we conjugate seguir in whatever tense we need, followed by sin, and then another verb in the Infinitive.


Examples:

Yo sigo sin saber qué quieres.
I still don’t know what you want.

¿Sigues sin hablar con él?
Are you still not talking to him?

Nosotros seguimos sin entender la lección.
We still don’t understand the lesson.

Él siguió sin trabajar tres años más.
He continued not to work for three more years. (“siguió” is “seguir” in Preterite Tense)


“seguir”, without any other verb

Sometimes we use seguir by itself, without any other verb:

¿Sigo con esto?
Do I continue with this?

Sigue, por favor.
Continue / go on, please. (Imperative tense).

Tenemos que seguir así.
We have to go on like this.


For example, we can use “seguir” without any other verb when we give directions:

Sigue todo recto.
Go on / drive on straight ahead.

Sigue hasta el semáforo y luego gira a la derecha.
Continue until the traffic lights and then turn right.

“seguir” meaning “to follow…”

seguir can also mean “to follow”:

Yo sigo las reglas.
I follow the rules.

Ellos siguen mis pasos.
They follow my steps.

When the thing that’s being followed is a person or a moving object, we need the preposition a after seguir.

Sigue a ese coche, por favor.
Follow that car, please.

Nosotros seguimos al líder.
We follow the leader.

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about the meaning and use of “seguir”:


Exercise 1

In this exercise, we are going to practice the verb “seguir” in several sentences.

Fill the blanks conjugating “seguir” in Present Tense:

1) Yo ___ aprendiendo español.
I keep learning Spanish.

2) Ellos ___ sin fumar.
They continue not to smoke.

3) Nosotras ___ practicando.
We keep practicing.

4) Vosotros ___ meditando dos veces al día.
You guys keep meditating twice a day.

5) Tú ___ sin comprender el problema.
You still don’t understand the problem.

6) Mi padre ___ haciendo la cena.
My father is still making dinner.

Solutions:
1) sigo
2) siguen
3) seguimos
4) seguís
5) sigues
6) sigue


Exercise 2

In the following sentences, the verb “seguir” is already included.

We need to conjugate the verbs in brackets, either in the Infinitive or in Gerundio:

1) Tú sigues ___ (ser) mi persona favorita.
You are still my favorite person.

2) Pablo sigue sin ___ (hablar).
Pablo continues not to talk.

3) Vosotras seguís ___ (dormir).
You girls are still sleeping.

4) ¿Tú sigues sin ___ (beber) alcohol?
Are you still not drinking alcohol?

5) Yo sigo ___ (trabajar) en mi proyecto.
I’m still working on my project.

6) Nosotros seguimos sin ___ (tener) respuesta.
We still don’t have an answer.

Solutions:
1) siendo
2) hablar
3) durmiendo
4) beber
5) trabajando
6) tener

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