Spanish Adverbs with suffix “-mente”, such as “normalmente”, “simplemente”… are equivalent to the English words ending in “-ly”: normally, simply, etc.
In this lesson, we will learn how to form these Spanish Adverbs ending in “-mente”.
We will go through these points:
Forming Adverbs ending in “-mente”
In order to form an adverb ending in “-mente”, we need to follow this process:
- Think of a Spanish adjective
- Take the feminine form of that adjective
- Attach “-mente” at the end of that feminine form
Let’s take a few examples and go through the process.
1. Think of any Spanish adjective
I just thought of these 4 adjectives!:
- Desgraciado = unfortunate
- Intenso = intense
- Fácil = easy
- Alegre = happy
2. Take the feminine form of that adjective
Out of the 4 adjectives I thought, the first two have a feminine form which is different to the masculine. For the other two, the feminine form is the same as the masculine:
3. Attach “-mente” at the end of that feminine form
This is the final step. We just need to attach “-mente” at the end of the feminine form.
Let’s complete our table and see the final result:
|Adjective||Feminine Form||Adverb ending in "-mente"|
We have completed the process and have obtained 4 adverbs ending in “-mente”:
- Desgraciadamente = unfortunately
- Intensamente = intensely
- Fácilmente = easily
- Alegremente = happily
If the original adjective had an accent mark, then the adverb with “-mente” has it too. Otherwise it doesn’t have it. Very simple!
Example sentences including “-mente” adverbs
Finally, here are some sentences which include the 4 adverbs ending in “-mente” that we just created:
Desgraciadamente, este año no tengo tiempo para viajar.
Unfortunately, I don’t have time to travel this year.
Ella trabaja intensamente.
She works intensely.
Paula resolvió fácilmente el problema.
Paula solved the problem easily.
Los niños cantaban alegremente.
The children were singing happily.
Practice: A Quiz
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about adverbs ending in “-mente”!:
Practice: An Exercise
Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using adverbs with “-mente”. Then check the solutions at the end of this post.
Tenemos que hacer las cosas _____ 1.(correcto).
Es un artista _____ 2.(simple) genial.
El anillo me parece _____ 3.(excesivo) caro.
Ellos resolvieron _____ 4.(fácil) el problema.
El tema está _____ 5.(perfecto) claro.
Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = correctamente, 2 = simplemente, 3 = excesivamente, 4 = fácilmente, 5 = perfectamente