A contraction is a phenomenon where two words are merged into one. Spanish has only two contractions: “al” and “del”
In this lesson we will learn when these contractions happen, as well as some exceptions where they don’t happen.
We ill go through the following points:
Table of Contents
1. Contractions “al” and “del”
There are only two contractions in Spanish: “al” and “del”.
The contraction “al” happens when we would have the preposition “a” followed by the article “el”.
The contraction “del” happens when we would have the preposition “de” followed by the article “el”.
Expressing the contractions as formulas:
- a + el = al
- de + el = del
|Vamos al supermercado||Vamos a el supermercado|
|¿Conoces al jefe?||¿Conoces a el jefe?|
|Vengo del cine||Vengo de el cine|
|Es la hermana del profesor||Es la hermana de el profesor|
We don’t do the contraction when the article “el” is capitalized.
Vamos a viajar a El Salvador.
We are going to travel to El Salvador (No contraction, because El Salvador is the name of a country and “El” is capitalized).
Tolkien es el autor de El Señor de los Anillos.
Tolkien is the author of The Lord of the Rings. (No contraction, because El Señor de los Anillos is the name of the book and “El” is capitalized).
3. Practice: A Quiz
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge!: