The Spanish Gerundio

The Spanish Gerundio (also called Present Participle or Gerund in English) is a verb form. It is equivalent to the English «-ing» forms, and we use it in several types of sentences, for example those expressed in Present Progressive tense (click here to learn about the Spanish Present Progressive).

For each verb, there is only one Gerundio.

In this post, we will go through the following points:

  1. Regular Gerundios
  2. Irregular Gerundios
  3. Quiz about the Gerundio!


1. Regular Gerundios

Most verbs have regular Gerundios. We form the Gerundio by just adding these endings to their stem:

Verbs ending in «-ar» —>  -ando

Verbs ending in «-er», «-ir»  —> -iendo


Here are some examples:

VerbGerundio
Hablarhablando
Llamarllamando
Comercomiendo
Beberbebiendo
Vivirviviendo
Partirpartiendo




2. Irregular Gerundios

Here is a list of the most frequent Irregular Gerundios. They either have a small vowel change in the stem, or a letter «y» appears.

With vowel change
decir → diciendo
dormir → durmiendo
morir → muriendo
pedir → pidiendo
preferir → prefiriendo
repetir → repitiendo
seguir → siguiendo
vestir → vistiendo
servir → sirviendo

"y" appears
creer → creyendo
leer → leyendo
ir → yendo
oír → oyendo
traer → trayendo


3. Quiz about the Gerundio!

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge!:

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