The Present Participle in Spanish («Gerundio»)

The Present Participle (called “Gerundio” in Spanish) is a very important verb form. It is equivalent to the English “-ing” forms, and it is used to construct several types of sentences, for example those in Present Progressive tense (click here to learn about the Spanish Present Progressive).

The Gerundio doesn’t change with the person: it’s just one Gerundio for each verb.

Most verbs have a Regular Gerundio, and we will first explain how to form those. After that, we will see some Irregulars.


Regular Gerundios

For verbs which have a Regular Gerundio, we form it adding these endings to their stem:

Verbs ending in «-ar» —>  -ando

Verbs ending in «-er», «-ir»  —> -iendo


Here are some examples:


Irregular Gerundios

Here is a list of the most frequent Irregular Gerundios. They either have a small vowel change in the stem, or a letter “y” appears.

With vowel change
decir → diciendo
dormir → durmiendo
morir → muriendo
pedir → pidiendo
preferir → prefiriendo
repetir → repitiendo
seguir → siguiendo
vestir → vistiendo
servir → sirviendo

"y" appears
creer → creyendo
leer → leyendo
ir → yendo
oír → oyendo
traer → trayendo


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