Plural of adjectives in Spanish

Plural of Adjectives in Spanish - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about how to form the plural of adjectives in Spanish.

Forming the plural of adjectives in Spanish is very easy, because the rules are clear and the exceptions are very few.

In this lesson we’ll divide adjectives into 2 groups: those ending in a vowel, and those ending in a consonant. We will learn how adjectives of both groups form their plural.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

Plural of adjectives ending in a vowel

1. Almost all adjectives which end in a vowel form their plural simply by adding -s:

  • grande → grandes
  • bonito → bonitos
  • alta → altas


2. But adjectives about nationality ending in í or ú (with an accent mark) add -es:

  • marroquí → marroquíes
  • hindú → hindúes

Plural of adjectives ending in a consonant

1. In general, adjectives which end in a consonant form their plural by adding -es:

  • superior → superiores
  • genial → geniales


2. But adjectives ending in z form their plural by replacing -z with -ces:

  • feliz → felices
  • atroz → atroces

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz and test your knowledge about the plural of adjectives!:


Exercise

Here are some sentences that are written first in singular, then in plural.

Fill the gaps with the adjective in plural form:

1) Mi amigo es hindú → Mis amigos son ___
2) El arbusto es verde → Los arbustos son ___
3) El humorista es genial → Los humoristas son ___
4) Esta película es atroz → Estas películas son ___

Solutions:
1) hindúes
2) verdes
3) geniales
4) atroces