Spanish superlatives adjectives – with “más” and “menos”

Spanish Superlatives with mas and menos - Learn and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about superlatives adjectives in Spanish, using the words más and menos.

With superlatives, we can express that something is at the top or at the bottom of a certain category.

For example, instead of saying that something is “beautiful”, we can say it is “the most beautiful” or “the least beautiful”.

Two examples of Spanish superlatives with "más" and "menos"
Two examples of superlatives with “más” and “menos”

In this lesson we will learn how to form these superlatives in Spanish, with many examples.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

Forming superlatives

Regular cases

Almost all adjectives form superlatives in a regular way.

We just need to apply one of these two formulas, one for “the most ___” and one for “the least ___”:

Formulas:

“the most ___” = (el / la / los / las) + “más” + adjective

“the least ___” = (el / la / los / las) + “menos” + adjective


Example sentences:

Este coche es el más moderno.
This car is the most modern.

Laura es la menos inteligente de nuestra clase.
Laura is the least intelligent in our class.

Somos los menos altos del grupo.
We are the least tall of the group.

Estas sillas son las más cómodas.
These chairs are the most comfortable.


Irregular cases

There are some adjectives that have special superlative forms:

AdjectiveSuperlativePlural
bueno (good)mejor (best)mejores
malo (bad)peor (worst)peores
pequeño (small)menor (smaller)menores
joven (young)menor (younger)menores
grande (big)mayor (bigger)mayores
viejo (old)mayor (older)mayores

For these superlatives, we don’t need the words “más” and “menos”.

Instead, we use this shorter formula:

Formula for irregular cases:

(el / la / los / las) + irregular form


Example Sentences:

Mi ordenador es el peor.
My computer is the worst.

Ellos son los mayores del grupo.
They are the oldest of the group.

Inserting a noun in the formulas

It is possible to insert a noun in the formulas if we want to.

For the regular cases, we can place a noun right after the article:

Este coche es el coche más moderno.
This car is the most modern car.

Laura es la chica menos inteligente de nuestra clase.
Laura is the least intelligent girl in our class.

Somos los chicos menos altos del grupo.
We are the least tall boys of the group.

Estas sillas son las sillas más cómodas.
These chairs are the most comfortable chairs.


For the irregular cases, sometimes it sounds better to place the noun after the article:

Ellos las personas mayores del grupo.
They are the oldest people in the group.

And sometimes after the superlative form:

Mi ordenador es el peor ordenador.
My computer is the worst computer.

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about superlatives in Spanish:


Exercise

Now we are going to practice with sentences.

Fill the gaps with the necessary words to form superlatives:

1) Laura es __ ___ egoísta de todos nosotros.
Laura is the least selfish of us all.

2) Soy __ ___ inteligente de mi familia.
I am the most intelligent in my family. (said by a man)

3) Este coche es __ ___.
This car is the best.

4) Tus amigas son __ ___.
Your friends are the best. (meaning female friends)

5) Estos móviles son __ ___.
These cellphones are the worst.

Solutions:
1) la menos
2) el más
3) el mejor
4) las mejores
5) los peores

Another type of superlative: with the suffix “-ísimo”

There is another grammar construction in Spanish we also call superlative.

It is when we express an adjective to an extreme degree, with a suffix such as “-ísimo”.

We teach that construction in a separate lesson: Spanish superlatives with the suffix “-ísimo”.

Here are two examples of this different kind of superlative:

El coche es carísimo.
The car is extremely expensive.

Mi casa es grandísima.
My house is extremely big.