With the term “Superlative Adjective” in Spanish, we can refer to an adjective that is expressed to an extreme degree.
For example, instead of saying that something is “beautiful”, with superlatives we can express that it is “the most beautiful” or “the least beautiful”.
Or, instead of saying that something is “good”, we can say it is “the best”. Or instead of “bad”, “the worst”.
In this lesson we will learn how to form Superlative Adjectives, going through the following points:
Formulas to form Superlative Adjectives
Most adjectives form their superlatives in a regular way, using the following two formulas, depending on whether we want to say “the most ___” or “the least ___”:
“the most ___”: definite article (“el, la, los, las”) + “más” + adjective
“the least ___”: definite article (“el, la, los, las”) + “menos” + adjective
Este coche es el más moderno.
This car is the most modern.
Ana es la menos inteligente de nuestra clase.
Ana is the least intelligent in our class.
Somos los menos altos.
We are the least tall.
Estas sillas son las más cómodas.
These chairs are the most comfortable.
There are some adjectives that we can consider irregular, in the sense that they have a superlative form specific to them.
For these adjectives, we don’t need to use “más” or “menos”.
The most common adjectives with specific superlatives are:
|bueno (good)||mejor (best)|
|malo (bad)||peor (worst)|
|pequeño (small)||menor (smaller)|
|joven (young)||menor (younger)|
|grande (big)||mayor (bigger)|
|viejo (old)||mayor (older)|
The formula for these irregular cases is:
Formula = definite article (“el, la, los, las”) + superlative form
Mi ordenador es el peor.
My computer is the worst.
Esa persona es la mayor del grupo.
That person is the oldest in the group.
Placing a noun inside the formulas
It is possible, if we want, to place a noun inside the formulas we have already seen.
For the regular cases, the noun can be placed right after the article:
Este coche es el coche más moderno.
This car is the most modern car.
Ana es la chica menos inteligente de nuestra clase.
Ana is the least intelligent girl in our class.
Somos los chicos menos altos.
We are the least tall boys.
Estas sillas son las sillas más cómodas.
These chairs are the most comfortable chairs.
For the irregular cases, sometimes it sounds better to place the noun after the superlative form, and sometimes before it:
Mi ordenador es el peor ordenador.
My computer is the worst computer.
Esa persona es la persona mayor del grupo.
That person is the oldest person in the group.