Spanish pronouns after prepositions

Spanish Pronouns after Prepositions - Learn Them and Practice

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Spanish pronouns after prepositions (also known as prepositional pronouns).

Two Spanish sentences with pronouns after the preposition "para"
Two sentences with pronouns after the preposition “para”

In this lesson we will divide prepositions into 2 groups, because each group introduces a different set of pronouns.

Then we will study the preposition con separately.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

Group 1

After any of the prepositions on the left side of the following table, we can use the pronouns on the right side:

PrepositionsPersonal Pronouns
a (to...)
ante (in the face of)
contra (against)
de (of, from)
desde (from)
en (in, at...)
hacia (towards)
para (for...)
por (for...)
sin (without)
sobre (above, on)
hasta (except when it means "even")
ti
él
ella
usted
(reflexive*)
nosotros
nosotras
vosotros
vosotras
ellos
ellas
ustedes
(reflexive*)

Examples:

A me gusta bailar.
I like dancing.

Estas palabras vienen de él.
These words come from him.

Este libro es para ti.
This book is for you.

La noticia llega hasta nosotros.
The news comes to us.


* The pronoun (which appears twice on the table above) can be used instead of “él, ella, usted, ellos, ellas, ustedes” when the action is reflexive:

El hombre habla sobre mismo.
The man talks about himself.

Ellos juegan contra mismos.
They play against themselves.

Group 2

After any of the prepositions on the left side of the following table, we use yo and instead of “mí” and “ti”.

Apart from that, the rest of the pronouns are the same:

PrepositionsPersonal Pronouns
entre (between)
excepto (except)
incluso (even)
menos (except)
salvo (except)
según (according to)
hasta (only when it means "even")
yo
él
ella
usted
nosotros
nosotras
vosotros
vosotras
ellos
ellas
ustedes


Examples:

Esto queda entre y yo.
This stays between you and me.

Hasta yo lo sé.
Even I know it.

Según ellos, no va a pasar nada.
According to them, nothing’s gonna happen.

Todo el mundo va a la fiesta excepto vosotros.
Everybody’s going to the party except for you guys.

The preposition “con”

In the case of the preposition con (with), for the first two persons we use conmigo and contigo, written with just one word:

conmigo
contigo
con él
con ella
con usted
consigo (reflexive**)
con nosotros
con nosotras
con vosotros
con vosotras
con ellos
con ellas
con ustedes
consigo (reflexive**)


Examples:

Ven conmigo.
Come with me.

Contigo soy feliz.
With you, I’m happy.

María tiene una relación con él.
María has a relationship with him.


** The form consigo can be used instead of “con él, con ella, con usted, con ellos, con ellas, con ustedes” when the action is reflexive. It’s usually followed by mismo/misma/mismos/mismas:

El hombre habla consigo mismo.
The man talks with himself.

Ellas están enfadadas consigo mismas.
They are angry with themselves.

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about personal pronouns after prepositions:


Exercise

Fill the gaps using personal pronouns:

El regalo es para __ (1).
The present is for her.

Yo voy ____ (2).
I go with you.

El perro está entre __ (3) y __ (4).
The dog is between her and me.

Están todos invitados, menos __ (5).
Everybody is invited, except you.

Te necesito a __ (6).
I need you.

Organizamos una fiesta para __ (7).
We organize a party for you guys.

La mujer habla ____ (8) misma.
The woman talks with herself.

Solutions:
1) ella
2) contigo
3) ella
4) yo
5)
6) ti
7) vosotros
8) consigo