Welcome to our grammar lesson about the Spanish word incluso.
incluso is one of the most frequent connectors in Spanish.
In this lesson we will study the meaning and use of this word. We will also cover another word: hasta, which can be used as an alternative to “incluso” in some cases.
At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.
Meaning of “incluso”
incluso is an adverb that means even.
It introduces something that is meant to be surprising, unexpected or unusual.
Here are some example sentences with the word incluso:
Tengo un perro, un gato… ¡incluso un loro!
I have a dog, a cat… even a parrot!
Incluso mis amigos lo saben.
Even my friends know it.
Iré incluso si llueve.
I’ll go even if it rains.
Alberto lo escucha todo, incluso cuando duerme.
Alberto hears everything, even when he is sleeping.
An alternative: “hasta”
The word hasta has several meanings in Spanish, and one of them is even.
Consequently, hasta can be used as an alternative to incluso.
Here are the same sentences again, but now using hasta:
Tengo un perro, un gato… ¡hasta un loro!
Hasta mis amigos lo saben.
Iré hasta si llueve.
Alberto lo escucha todo, hasta cuando duerme.
In general, incluso tends to sound better in more formal settings, and hasta when we speak more colloquially.
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about this topic:
Now we are going to read a couple of sentences. One has a more formal context, and the other one is more colloquial.
Fill the gaps with “incluso” or “hasta”, choosing the word you think sounds a bit better in each case. Click on the gray spaces to see the solutions:
1) El cambio climático afecta incluso a las zonas más frías del planeta.
Climate change affects even the coldest parts of the planet.
2) ¡ Hasta tú hablas español!
Even you speak Spanish!