Welcome to our grammar lesson about incluso, where we will learn the meaning and use of this Spanish word.
We will also study the word hasta, which can be used as an alternative to “incluso”.
At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.
Meaning of “incluso”
incluso is an adverb that means even.
incluso = even
It introduces something that is meant to be surprising, unexpected or unusual.
Here are some example sentences with the word incluso:
Tengo un perro, un gato… ¡incluso un loro!
I have a dog, a cat… even a parrot!
Incluso mis amigos lo saben.
Even my friends know it.
Iré incluso si llueve.
I’ll go even if it rains.
Incluso cuando no está borracho, Alberto es muy gracioso.
Even when he’s not drunk, Alberto is very funny.
An alternative: “hasta”
The word hasta has several meanings in Spanish, and one of them is even.
Consequently, hasta can be used as an alternative to incluso.
Here are the same sentences again, but now using hasta:
Tengo un perro, un gato… ¡hasta un loro!
Hasta mis amigos lo saben.
Iré hasta si llueve.
Hasta cuando no está borracho, Alberto es muy gracioso.
There is flexibility in choosing between incluso and hasta.
In general, incluso tends to sound better in more formal settings, and hasta when we speak more colloquially.
Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about this topic:
Now we are going to read a couple of sentences.
One has a more formal context, and the other one is more colloquial.
Fill the gaps with “incluso” or “hasta”, choosing the word you think sounds a bit better in each case:
1) El cambio climático afecta ____ a las zonas más frías del planeta.
Climate change affects even the coldest parts of the planet.
2) ¡ ____ tú hablas español!
Even you speak Spanish!