Spanish Verbs with Prepositions

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Spanish verbs with prepositions.

There are verbs in Spanish that are usually followed by a preposition, with which they form a kind of “team” to express an idea. In this lesson, we will call such verbs “Spanish verbs with prepositions”.

For example, take the verb “pensar”, which means “to think”. Just like in English “to think” is usually followed by the preposition “about”, in Spanish “pensar” is usually followed by the preposition “en”:

Nosotros pensamos en nuestro futuro.
We think about our future.

Estoy pensando en ti.
I’m thinking about you.

In this lesson, we will review some of the most frequent verbs with prepositions, providing example sentences. Additionally, we will also learn how to make questions including these verbs.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

1. Verbs with Prepositions

Verbs with “en”

Pensar en… (to think about)

Marta piensa en su novio.
Marta thinks about her boyfriend.


Confiar en… (to trust someone or something)

Confío en ti.
I trust you.


Insistir en… (to insist on something)

Insisto en esa idea.
I insist on that idea.


Convertirse en… (to turn into something, to become something)

Cada noche, Roberto se convierte en lobo.
Every night, Roberto becomes a wolf.


Verbs with “con”

Quedar con… (to arrange a meeting)

Hemos quedado con nuestros amigos.
We have arranged a meeting with our friends.


Quedarse con… (to keep something)

Me quedo con este libro hasta la semana que viene.
I keep this book until next week.


Contar con… (to count on something or someone)

Contamos con vosotros.
We count on you guys.


Soñar con… (to dream of something)

Anoche soñé con mi madre.
Last night I dreamt of my mother.


Amenazar con… (to threaten something)

El país amenaza con una nueva guerra.
The country threatens a new war.


Verbs with “de”

Acordarse de… (to remember something)

Me acuerdo de ti.
I remember you.


Dejar de… (to stop or quit doing something)

El año pasado dejé de fumar.
Last year I quit smoking.


Cansarse de… (to get tired of something)

Nunca me canso de jugar.
I never get tired of playing.


Depender de… (to depend on something)

El precio depende del supermercado.
The price depends on the supermarket.


Enterarse de… (to find out / to hear about something)

Me he enterado de algo increíble.
I’ve heard about something incredible.


Enamorarse de… (to fall in love with someone)

Me enamoré de mi compañera.
I fell in love with my colleague.


Morir de… (to die of something)

El hombre murió de hambre.
The man died of hunger.


Quejarse de… (to complain about something)

Voy a quejarme del servicio.
I’m going to complain about the service.


Alegrarse de… (to be happy / glad about something)

Me alegro de vivir en este país.
I’m glad I live in this country.


Verbs with “a”

Llamar a… (to call someone or something)

Llama a la farmacia.
Call the pharmacy.


Empezar a… (to begin / start to do something)

Los músicos empezaron a tocar.
The musicians began to play.


Parecerse a… (to look like)

Ana se parece a su hermana.
Ana looks like her sister.


Jugar a… = (To play something: games, sports)

Vamos a jugar a las cartas.
We are going to play cards


Verbs with “por”

Disculparse por… (to apologize for something)

Me disculpo por mi comportamiento.
I apologize for my behavior.


Interesarse por… (to be interested in something)

Clara se interesa por la política.
Clara is interested in politics.

2. Questions including verbs with prepositions

When we make a question including a verb with preposition, and there is also a Question Word, such as “qué”, “quién”, etc… the most frequent formula is:

Formula:

preposition + question word + verb

Examples

¿En quién confías más?
Who do you trust the most?

Confío en él.
I trust him.

¿Con quién quedaste ayer?
With whom did you arrange a meeting yesterday?

Quedé con mis amigos.
I arranged a meeting with my friends.

¿De qué te acuerdas?
What do you remember?

Me acuerdo de la playa.
I remember the beach.

¿A qué jugáis?
What are you guys playing?

Jugamos a un juego de ordenador.
We are playing a computer game.

¿Por qué te disculpaste?
What did you apologize for?

Me disculpé por mi actitud.
I apologized for my attitude.

3. Practice Spanish Verbs with Prepositions

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about Spanish verbs with prepositions:

Exercise

An exercise about Spanish verbs with prepositions: Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper, choosing between the prepositions EN, CON, DE, A, POR. Then check the solutions below:

De día pienso pienso ____ (1) ella, y por la noche sueño ____ (2) ella.

Contamos ____ (3) Carlos para organizar la fiesta, deja ____ (4) preocuparte.

Tengo que empezar ____ (5) estudiar para el examen. El resultado solo depende ____ (6) mi esfuerzo.

Me alegro ____ (7) que te intereses ____ (8) la historia de mi país.

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = en, 2 = con, 3 = con, 4 = de, 5 = a, 6 = de, 7 = de, 8 = por