Spanish FAMILY Vocabulary + Phrases about Family

Silhouettes of a Family, and a sunset as background

In this post we are going to learn Spanish Vocabulary about Family and Family Members, and also Phrases for Conversation.

We will start with Spanish Phrases. The rest is vocabulary lists, grouped by category.

Enjoy and become an expert at talking in Spanish about family! 🙂

Spanish Phrases about Family

Mi hijo se llama Luis.
My son’s name is Luis.

Mis padres se llaman Paco y Ángela.
My parents’ names are Paco and Ángela.

Tengo dos hermanos y una hermana.
I have two brothers and one sister (Click to learn the Spanish Present Tense)

Mi hermana tiene veinte años.
My sister is 20 years old.

Mi familia vive en Barcelona.
My family lives in Barcelona.

María y Pablo se han casado.
María and Pablo have married.

María tuvo un hijo la semana pasada.
Maria had a son last week.

Me llevo bien con mis primos.
I have a good relationship with my cousins.

Vocabulary

Family Members

La familiafamily
El padre
La madre
Los padres
father
mother
parents
El hijo
La hija
son
daughter
El hermano
La hermana
brother
sister
El marido / esposo
La mujer / esposa
husband
wife
El abuelo
La abuela
grandfather
grandmother
El nieto
La nieta
grandson
granddaughter
El tío
La tía
uncle
aunt
El sobrino
La sobrina
nephew
niece
El suegro
La suegra
father in law
mother in law
El cuñado
La cuñada
brother in law
sister in law
El yerno
La nuera
son in law
daughter in law
El bisabuelo
La bisabuela
great-grandfather
great-grandmother
El bisnieto
La bisnieta
great-grandson
great-granddaughter
El tatarabuelo
La tatarabuela
great-great-grandfather
great-great-grandmother
El tataranieto
La tataranieta
great-great-grandson
great-great-granddaughter
El tío abuelo
La tía abuela
great uncle
great aunt
El padrastro
La madrastra
stepfather
stepmother
El padrino
La madrina
godfather
godmother
El hijastro
La hijastra
stepson
stepdauther
El hermanastro
La hermanastra
half-brother
half-sister
El padre adoptivo
La madre adoptiva
adoptive father
adoptive mother
El hijo adoptivo
La hija adoptiva
adopted son
adopted daughter
El miembro de la familiafamily member
El parienterelative

In order to form the plural of any of these terms, as soon as there is one male we use the masculine form as basis. For example:

  • el padre = the father
  • la madre = the mother
  • los padres = the parents
  • el hermano = the brother
  • la hermana = the sister
  • los hermanos = the siblings (as well as “the brothers”)
  • las hermanas = the sisters

Verbs

casarseto marry
divorciarseto divorce
separarseto separate
tener un hijoto have a child
adoptar un niñoto adopt a child
llevarse bien (con...)to have a good relationship (with...)
llevarse mal (con...)to have a bad relationship (with...)

Other Terms

El árbol genealógicofamily tree
El recién nacidonewborn
El primogénitofirst-born, eldest
El hijo únicoonly child
El aniversario de bodaswedding anniversary
La fecha de nacimientodate of birth
El cumpleañosbirthday
Los antepasadosancestors
El testamentowill, testament
La herenciainheritance
El herederoheir
Los mellizostwins
Los gemelosidentical twins
Los trillizostriplets