Spanish “Muy” VS “Mucho”

The Spanish words «muy» and «mucho» have similar meanings and it’s important to learn the difference in order not to mistake one for the other.


Muy

«Muy» means «very».

The word «muy» always goes before an adjective or another adverb (very tall, very strong, very quickly…).

It never changes its form. It is always «muy».

Examples:

Tu amigo es muy simpático = Your friend is very nice.

Tus amigos son muy simpáticos = Your friends are very nice.

Tengo un ordenador muy viejo = I have a very old computer

Pablo está muy cansado = Pablo is very tired.

Canta muy bien = He/she sings very well

Patricia conduce muy rápido = Patricia drives very fast


Remember: «Muy» always needs an adjective or adverb right after it. Otherwise, it will become «mucho».

Example:

¿Estás muy cansada? = Are you very tired?

Sí, mucho = Yes, very.




Mucho

«Mucho» means «much, many, a lot of, a lot».

When it is connected to a noun, it has to match its gender and number. Because of that, there are 4 possible forms:

  • mucho  (masculine singular)
  • mucha  (feminine singular)
  • muchos  (masculine plural)
  • muchas  (feminine plural)


Examples:

¿Tienes muchos amigos en Madrid? = Do you have many friends in Madrid?

Sí, muchos. = Yes, many.

Paco gana mucho dinero. = Paco earns a lot of money. 

Muchas personas quieren trabajar menos. = Many people want to work less.

María tiene mucha paciencia contigo… ¡mucha!. = María has a lot of patience with you… a lot!


However, when it is connected to a verb instead of a noun, it is always «mucho», without variation:

Me gusta mucho jugar al fútbol = I like playing football a lot.

¿Corres mucho? = Do you run a lot?

Sí, mucho = Yes, a lot.

Los niños pequeños duermen mucho = Small children sleep a lot.

Te quiero mucho = I love you very much (for the English «very much», we can also say «muchísimo», but never «muy mucho»)