The word “muy” means “very”,

The word “mucho” means “much, many, a lot of, a lot”.

In this post we will learn about “muy” and “mucho” in detail and with examples.

 

Muy

“Muy” means “very”.

It always goes before an adjective or another adverb (very quickly, very tall, very fat…).

And it never changes its form. It is always “muy”. You don’t have to think masculine-feminine or singular-plural for this word.

Tu amigo es muy simpático = Your friend is very nice.

Tus amigos son muy simpáticos = Your friends are very nice.

Tengo un ordenador muy viejo = I have a very old computer

Pablo está muy cansado = Pablo is very tired.

Canta muy bien = He/she sings very well

Patricia conduce muy rápido = Patricia drives very fast

 

**Remember!!!   “Muy” always needs an adjective or adverb right after it. Otherwise, it will become “mucho”.

Example:

¿Estás muy cansada? = Are you very tired?

Sí, mucho = Yes, very.

 

Mucho

“Mucho” means “much, many, a lot of, a lot”.

When it points to a noun, it has to match its gender and number. Because of that, there are 4 possible forms.

  • mucho  (masculine singular)
  • mucha  (feminine singular)
  • muchos  (masculine plural)
  • muchas  (feminine plural)

 

Examples:

¿Tienes muchos amigos en Madrid? = Do you have many friends in Madrid?

Sí, muchos. = Yes, many.

Paco gana mucho dinero. = Paco earns a lot of money. 

Muchas personas quieren trabajar menos. = Many people want to work less.

María tiene mucha paciencia contigo… ¡mucha!. = María has a lot of patience with you… a lot!

 

 

When it is not related to any noun, but just to a verb, it is always “mucho”, without variation:

Me gusta mucho jugar al fútbol = I like playing football a lot.

¿Corres mucho? = Do you run a lot?

Sí, mucho = Yes, a lot.

Los niños pequeños duermen mucho = Small children sleep a lot.

Te quiero mucho = I love you very much (for the English “very much”, just say “mucho” or “muchísimo” if you want to intensify it more).

 

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Categorías: Spanish Grammar