Learning Spanish, very early you come across these two words that look kind of similar, and it’s easy to mistake one for the other, because their meaning is also similar, but still different: Muy means “very”, while mucho means “much, many, a lot of, a lot”.
In this post we will learn about “muy” and “mucho” in detail and with examples.
Muy is an adverb which means “very”.
It always goes before an adjective or before another adverb (very quickly, very tall, very fat…).
And very important: it never changes its form. It is always “muy”. You don’t have to think masculine-feminine or singular-plural for this word.
Tu amigo es muy simpático = Your friend is very nice.
Tus amigos son muy simpáticos = Your friends are very nice.
Tengo un ordenador muy viejo = I have a very old computer
Pablo está muy cansado = Pablo is very tired.
Canta muy bien = He/she sings very well
Patricia conduce muy rápido = Patricia drives very fast
**Remember!!! “Muy” always needs an adjective or adverb right after it. If you have an English sentence where “very” is working alone, it will translate as “mucho”. For example:
¿Estás muy cansada? = Are you very tired?
Sí, mucho = Yes, very.
Mucho can be an adjective or an adverb and it means “much, many, a lot of, a lot”.
When it is related to some noun, it has to match the gender and number of that noun and adopt one of these forms:
¿Tienes muchos amigos en Madrid? = Do you have many friends in Madrid?
Sí, muchos. = Yes, many.
Paco gana mucho dinero. = Paco earns a lot of money.
Muchas personas quieren trabajar menos. = Many people want to work less.
María tiene mucha paciencia contigo… ¡mucha!. = María has a lot of patience with you… a lot!
When it is not related to any noun, but just to a verb, it is always “mucho”, without variation:
Me gusta mucho jugar al fútbol = I like playing football a lot.
¿Corres mucho? = Do you run a lot?
Sí, mucho = Yes, a lot.
Los niños pequeños duermen mucho = Small children sleep a lot.
Te quiero mucho = I love you very much (for the English “very much”, just say “mucho” or “muchísimo” if you want to intensify it more).