Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish – Learn and Practice Them

Spanish Direct Object Pronouns, Learn and Practice Them

Welcome to our grammar lesson about Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish, where we will learn and practice these important words.

Direct Object Pronouns (“Pronombres de Complemento Directo”) are a collection of pronouns which represent the person or thing that directly receives the action of the verb.

Learning the forms is easy. The challenge is knowing when to use them, and where to place them inside the sentence.

In this lesson we will learn everything about Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish.

At the end you’ll find a Quiz and an Exercise for practice.

Direct Object Pronouns – Forms

Here is the list of all Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish and their meanings:

SpanishEnglish
meme
teyou
lo, lahim, her (also, both can mean "it" or formal "you")
nosus
osyou guys
los, lasthem (also, both can mean formal "you guys")

Placement of Direct Object Pronouns in the Sentence

One of the challenges with Direct Object Pronouns is knowing where to place them inside the sentence.

Their placement depends on the verb tense:

  • For most tenses, we place these pronouns before the verb (as in all example sentences in this lesson).
  • But there are a few cases where we must attach them at the end of the verb.

We have written a separate lesson to explain their placement in detail, make sure to read it: Placement of Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns.

Use of Direct Object Pronouns

Direct Object Pronouns represent the person or thing directly receiving (not doing!) the action of the verb.

Examples:

¿Me quieres?
Do you love me?

Sí, te quiero.
Yes, I love you.

Laura nos conoce.
Laura knows us.

Os vemos.
We see you guys.


In the case of the third person pronouns specifically (“lo, la, los, las”), they can replace a noun.

We use them when we don’t want to keep repeating a noun, as shown in the following dialogs:

¿Conocéis a Miguel?
Do you guys know Miguel?
Sí, lo conocemos.
Yes, we know him. (instead of saying “we know Miguel”)

¿Tienes la mesa?
Do you have the table?
Sí, la tengo en mi casa.
Yes, I have it in my house.

¿Has perdido los libros?
Have you lost the books?
No, no los he perdido.
No, I haven’t lost them.

¿Él compra las botellas?
Does he buy the bottles?
Sí, él las compra.
Yes, he buys them.

Practice

Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge about Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish:

Exercise

In the following dialogs, fill the gaps using Direct Object Pronouns:

Álvaro, ¿tienes mi móvil?
Álvaro, do you have my cellphone?
Sí, _____ (1) tengo.
Yes, I have it.

¿Sabes la respuesta a esta pregunta?
Do you know the answer to this question?
No, no _____ (2) sé.
No, I don’t know it.

¿Has puesto las tijeras sobre la mesa?
Have you put the scissors on the table?
Sí, _____ (3) he puesto ahí.
Yes, I’ve put them there.

¿ ____ (4) quieres?
Do you love me?
Sí, ____ (5) quiero.
Yes, I love you.

¿Habéis comprado las patatas?
Have you guys bought the potatoes?
Sí, ____ (6) hemos comprado.
Yes, we have bought them.

¿Tú ____ (7) oyes?
Do you hear us?
Sí, ____ (8) oigo perfectamente.
Yes, I hear you guys perfectly.

Solutions:
1) lo
2) la
3) las
4) Me
5) te
6) las
7) nos
8) os