Subject Pronouns in Spanish

Subject Pronouns in Spanish («Pronombres personales de sujeto») are the pronouns which represent the person who performs the action of the verb.

They are the equivalent to the English words «I, you, he…»


Forms

Here is the list of Subject Pronouns. We have also included the conjugation of the verb «hablar» in Present Tense for each person:

EnglishSpanishverb "Hablar"
Iyohablo
you (sing.)hablas
he
she
you (sing. polite)
él
ella
usted
habla
we (masc.)
we (fem.)
nosotros
nosotras
hablamos
you (masc. pl.)
you (fem. pl.)
vosotros
vosotras
habláis
they (masc.)
they (fem.)
you (pl. polite)
ellos
ellas
ustedes
hablan


«Usted» and «ustedes», with Verb in 3rd Person

As you see in the table above, when using the polite forms «usted» (polite «you» singular) and «ustedes» (polite «you» plural) , we must conjugate the verb in the 3rd persons: 

  • «Usted» conjugates verbs just like «él» and «ella»
  • «Ustedes» conjugates verbs just like «ellos» and «ellas»

Examples:

Él come. = he eats

Ella come. = she eats

Usted come. = you (polite, singular) eat.

Ellos comen. = they eat.

Ellas comen. = they (feminine) eat.

Ustedes comen. = you (polite, plural) eat.




In Spanish, we don’t always say the subject pronouns

This is a feature of the Spanish language that is different from English. 

In English, we never just say, for example, «eats». We always need a subject in the sentence: «he eats», «she eats», etc. 

But in Spanish have the option to leave the Subject unsaid.

For example, both these sentences mean «I talk»:

hablo

yo hablo

And these two sentences mean «we eat»:

comemos

nosotros comemos

We mention the Subject Pronoun when we want to emphasize the person. «Hablo» means “I speak”, whereas «Yo hablo» would be more similar to the English «Me, I speak…», emphasizing the person in that way.