Spanish Verbs with Prepositions

There are verbs in Spanish that are usually followed by a preposition, with which they make sort of a «team» to express an idea.

For example, take the verb «pensar», which means “to think”. Just like in English “to think” is usually followed by the preposition «about», in Spanish «pensar» is usually followed by the preposition «en»:

Pensamos en nuestro futuro = We think about our future.

Estoy pensando en ti = I’m thinking about you.

In this post, we are going to see some of the most common verbs which usually work with prepositions, and provide example sentences. Additionally, we will also learn how to make questions including these verbs. 

Remember, most of these verbs can also work independently, or with a different preposition that the one they are paired with in this lesson. However, they typically work with that preposition.

We will go trough the following points:

  1. Verbs with preposition «en»
  2. Verbs with preposition «con»
  3. Verbs with preposition «de»
  4. Verbs with preposition «a»
  5. Verbs with preposition «por»
  6. Verbs with Prepositions – Making Questions
  7. Quiz about Verbs with Prepositions!

Here are some of the most common verbs with prepositions:


1. Verbs with preposition «en»

Pensar en = to think about

Marta piensa en su novio. = Marta thinks about her boyfriend.


Confiar en = to trust someone or something

Confío en ti. = I trust you.


Insistir en = to insist on something

Insisto en esa idea. = I insist on that idea.


Convertirse en = to turn into something, to become something

Cada noche, Roberto se convierte en lobo. = Every night, Roberto becomes a wolf.


2. Verbs with preposition «con»

Quedar con = to meet someone

Hemos quedado con nuestros amigos. = We have met our friends.


Quedarse con = to keep something

Me quedo con este libro hasta la semana que viene. = I keep this book until next week.


Contar con = to count on something or someone

Contamos con vosotros. = We count on you guys.


Soñar con = to dream of something

Anoche soñé con mi madre. = Last night I dreamt of my mother.


Amenazar con = to threaten something

El país amenaza con una nueva guerra. = The country threatens a new war.


3. Verbs with preposition «de»

Acordarse de = to remember something

Me acuerdo de ti. = I remember you.


Dejar de = to stop or quit doing something

El año pasado dejé de fumar. = Last year I quit smoking.


Cansarse de = to get tired of something

Nunca me canso de jugar. = I never get tired of playing.


Depender de = To depend on something

El precio depende del supermercado. = The price depends on the supermarket.


Enterarse de = to find out / to hear about something

Me he enterado de algo increíble. = I’ve heard about something incredible.


Enamorarse de = to fall in love with someone

Me enamoré de mi compañera. = I fell in love with my colleague.


Morir de = to die of something

El hombre murió de hambre. = The man died of hunger.


Quejarse de = to complain about something

Voy a quejarme del servicio. = I’m going to complain about the service.


Alegrarse de = to be happy / glad about something

Me alegro de vivir en este país. = I’m glad I live in this country.


4. Verbs with preposition «a»


Llamar a = to call someone or something

Llama a la farmacia. = Call the pharmacy.


Empezar a = To begin / start to do something

Los músicos empezaron a tocar. = The musicians began to play.


Parecerse a = to look like…

Ana se parece a su hermana. = Ana looks like her sister.


Jugar a = To play something (games, sports…)

Vamos a jugar a las cartas = We are going to play cards


5. Verbs with preposition «por»

Disculparse por = to apologize for something

Me disculpo por mi comportamiento = I apologize for my behavior


Interesarse por = to be interested in something

Clara se interesa por la política = Clara is interested in politics


6. Verbs with Prepositions – Making Questions

When we make a question including a verb that usually goes with a preposition, and that question also includes an interrogative word such as «qué», «quién», etc… the most frequent structure for the question is:

  • Formula for Questions: Preposition + Interrogative Word + Verb + etc

Examples

¿En quién confías? = Who do you trust?

Confío en él = I trust him

¿Con quién quedaste? = Who did you meet?

Quedé con mis amigos. = I met my friends.

¿De qué te acuerdas? = What do you remember?

Me acuerdo de un coche. = I remember a car.

¿A qué jugáis? = What are you guys playing?

Jugamos a un juego de ordenador = We are playing a computer game.

¿Por qué te disculpaste? = What did you apologize for?

Me disculpé por mi actitud = I apologized for my attitude.


7. Quiz about Verbs with Prepositions!

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge!:

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