There are verbs in Spanish that are usually followed by a preposition, with which they make sort of a «team» to express an idea.
For example, take the verb “pensar”, which means “to think”. Just like in English “to think” is usually followed by the preposition “about”, in Spanish “pensar” is usually followed by the preposition “en”:
Pensamos en nuestro futuro = We think about our future.
Estoy pensando en ti = I’m thinking about you.
In this post, we are going to see some of the most common verbs which usually work with prepositions, and provide example sentences. Additionally, we will also learn how to make questions including these verbs.
Remember, most of these verbs can also work independently, or with a different preposition that the one they are paired with in this lesson. However, they typically work with that preposition.
Here are some of the most common verbs with prepositions:
With preposition “en”
Pensar en = to think about
Marta piensa en su novio. = Marta thinks about her boyfriend.
Confiar en = to trust someone or something
Confío en ti. = I trust you.
Insistir en = to insist on something
Insisto en esa idea. = I insist on that idea.
Convertirse en = to turn into something, to become something
Cada noche, Roberto se convierte en lobo. = Every night, Roberto becomes a wolf.
With preposition “con”
Quedar con = to meet someone
Hemos quedado con nuestros amigos. = We have met our friends.
Quedarse con = to keep something
Me quedo con este libro hasta la semana que viene. = I keep this book until next week.
Contar con = to count on something or someone
Contamos con vosotros. = We count on you guys.
Soñar con = to dream of something
Anoche soñé con mi madre. = Last night I dreamt of my mother.
Amenazar con = to threaten something
El país amenaza con una nueva guerra. = The country threatens a new war.
With preposition “de”
Acordarse de = to remember something
Me acuerdo de ti. = I remember you.
Dejar de = to stop or quit doing something
El año pasado dejé de fumar. = Last year I quit smoking.
Cansarse de = to get tired of something
Nunca me canso de jugar. = I never get tired of playing.
Depender de = To depend on something
El precio depende del supermercado. = The price depends on the supermarket.
Enterarse de = to find out / to hear about something
Me he enterado de algo increíble. = I’ve heard about something incredible.
Enamorarse de = to fall in love with someone
Me enamoré de mi compañera. = I fell in love with my colleague.
Morir de = to die of something
El hombre murió de hambre. = The man died of hunger.
Quejarse de = to complain about something
Voy a quejarme del servicio. = I’m going to complain about the service.
Alegrarse de = to be happy / glad about something
Me alegro de vivir en este país. = I’m glad I live in this country.
With preposition “a”
Llamar a = to call someone or something
Llama a la farmacia. = Call the pharmacy.
Empezar a = To begin / start to do something
Los músicos empezaron a tocar. = The musicians began to play.
Parecerse a = to look like…
Ana se parece a su hermana. = Ana looks like her sister.
Jugar a = To play something (games, sports…)
Vamos a jugar a las cartas = We are going to play cards
With preposition “por”
Disculparse por = to apologize for something
Me disculpo por mi comportamiento = I apologize for my behavior
Interesarse por = to be interested in something
Clara se interesa por la política = Clara is interested in politics
Verbs with Prepositions – Making Questions
When we make a question including a verb that usually goes with a preposition, and that question also includes an interrogative word such as “qué”, “quién”, etc… the most frequent structure for the question is:
- Formula for Questions: Preposition + Interrogative Word + Verb + etc
¿En quién confías? = Who do you trust?
Confío en él = I trust him
¿Con quién quedaste? = Who did you meet?
Quedé con mis amigos. = I met my friends.
¿De qué te acuerdas? = What do you remember?
Me acuerdo de un coche. = I remember a car.
¿A qué jugáis? = What are you guys playing?
Jugamos a un juego de ordenador = We are playing a computer game.
¿Por qué te disculpaste? = What did you apologize for?
Me disculpé por mi actitud = I apologized for my attitude.