Spanish Verb “Seguir” – Meaning and Use

The Spanish verb «Seguir» has two different meanings:

  • On one hand, it means «to continue», «to go on», «to keep»… It indicates that an action or situation continues to happen, is still happening.
  • On the other hand, it also means «to follow», for example to follow a car.

In this lesson, we are going to focus on its first meaning («to continue») and explain how to use it in sentences with the proper grammar structure.


1. «Seguir» + Gerundio

If we want to communicate that something continues to happen, is still happening, we need to conjugate the verb «seguir», followed by the Gerundio of the main verb.


Examples in Present Tense:

Mi tía sigue fumando = My aunt keeps on smoking

¿Seguís comiendo? = Are you guys still eating / you guys keep on eating?

Clara sigue trabajando = Clara keeps on working / is still working


Additionally, here are some examples in Preterite Tense. Remember, the Gerundio is the same no matter the tense:

Seguí fumando algunos años = I kept smoking for some years.

Los políticos siguieron hablando = The politicians kept talking.





2. «Seguir» + «sin» + Infinitive

If we want to communicate that something continues NOT to happen, is still NOT happening, we need to conjugate the verb «seguir», followed by the preposition «sin» and the Infinitive of the main verb.


Examples in Present Tense:

Sigo sin saber qué quieres = I still don’t know what you want.

¿Sigues sin hablar con él? = Are you still not talking to him?


Additionally, an example in Imperfect Tense. Remember, the Infinitive is the same no matter the tense:

Mis primos seguían sin llegar = My cousins had not arrived yet (continued not to arrive).


3. «Seguir», without any other verb

Of course, we can also use the verb «seguir» without any additional verb:

Sigue, por favor = Continue / go on, please. (Imperative tense).

Also, if we have a sentence with the structure seen in point 1 of this lesson («Seguir» + Gerundio), and if the Gerundio is «estando», we have the option to remove «estando» and leave just the verb «Seguir».

For example, these 2 sentences have the same meaning: «Are you still in the office?»

¿Sigues estando en la oficina?

¿Sigues en la oficina?


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