Spanish Simple Future – Conjugation and Uses

The Spanish Simple Future tense (“Presente Simple”) is used to talk about future actions in Spanish.

In this lesson, we will first study its conjugation, and then talk about its uses.

 

Conjugation

Regular Verbs

The conjugation of Regular Verbs in Simple Future is very easy, because of 2 reasons:

  • It doesn’t matter if the verb ends in “-AR”, “-ER” or “-IR”. The endings are the same for all cases.
  • We don’t even need to «cut» the verb before adding the endings: we attach the endings directly to the Infinitive.




The endings are the ones presented in this table:

PersonEnding
yo
-ás
él
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ellos-án

 

For example, here are the full conjugations of the verbs “amar”, “ser” and “sentir”:

 AmarSerSentir
yoamaréserésentiré
amarásserássentirás
élamaráserásentirá
nosotrosamaremosseremossentiremos
vosotrosamaréisseréissentiréis
ellosamaránseránsentirán

 

Irregular Verbs

For the Irregular Verbs, the endings are the same as for the regulars, but the stem will present some small change.

Here is a list of the most important Irregulars. You can see the irregular stem in the middle, and then at the right side the verb fully conjugated using that irregular stem.

VerbNew stemFull conjugation
Decirdir-diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán
Haberhabr-habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
Hacerhar-haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán
Poderpodr-podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán
Ponerpondr-pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán
Quererquerr-querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán
Sabersabr-sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán
Salirsaldr-saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán
Tenertendr-tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
Venirvendr-vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán

 

Similarities between the Simple Future and the Conditional tense

The Future tense and the Conditional tense have very similar conjugations. Click here to read about the Conditional tense.

Actually, except for the endings, everything else is the same for these two tenses. We invite you to take some minutes to compare them and observe how similar they are.




Uses

We use the Simple Future mainly to talk about events or actions that will happen in the future.

Here are some specific cases:

 

Predictions

El Real Madrid ganará la liga. = Real Madrid will win the league.

El año que viene conocerás al hombre de tus sueños. = Next year you will meet the man of your dreams.

 

 

Giving orders or commands in a strong tone

For example, the Commandments of Christianity are expressed in Simple Future in Spanish:

No matarás. = You shall not kill.

No robarás. = You shall not steal.

 

 

Hypothesis (not only about future events, also about present matters)

No me imagino qué haremos en 20 años. = I can’t imagine what we will be doing in 20 years.

Laura no ha venido. Tendrá algún problema. = Laura hasn’t come. Maybe she has a problem.

¿Dónde estará mi boli? = Where could my pen be?

 

 

As the second part of a speculative sentence («if this happens, that will happen»)

Si este año consigo un empleo, me compraré una moto. = If I get a job this year, I will buy a motorcycle.

Si me mandas un correo, te responderé hoy mismo. = If you send me an email, I will reply to you today.

 

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