The Simple Future tense (“Presente Simple”) is a tense used to talk about future actions in Spanish.

First we will study its conjugation, then talk about its uses.

 

Conjugation – Regular Verbs

The conjugation of Regular Verbs in Simple Future is pretty easy, because of 2 reasons:

  • It doesn’t matter if the verb ends in “-ar”, “-er”, “-ir”. The conjugation is the same regardless.
  • The verb will be conjugated using the whole infinitive + the proper suffix for each person. You don’t need to cut the verb before adding the suffix, like you do in most other tenses. 

 

 

The suffixes you need to add to the infinitive to form the future are these:

PersonSuffix
yo
-ás
él
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ellos-án

For example, here are the full conjugations for “amar”, “ser” and “sentir”:

 AmarSerSentir
yoamaréserésentiré
amarásserássentirás
élamaráserásentirá
nosotrosamaremosseremossentiremos
vosotrosamaréisseréissentiréis
ellosamaránseránsentirán

 

Conjugation – Irregular Verbs

For the irregular verbs, the suffixes are the same as for the regulars, it’s the stem that will present some slight change.

Here is a list of the most important irregulars:

New stemFull conjugation
Decirdir-diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán
Haberhabr-habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
Hacerhar-haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán
Poderpodr-podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán
Ponerpondr-pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán
Quererquerr-querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán
Sabersabr-sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán
Salirsaldr-saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán
Tenertendr-tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
Venirvendr-vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán

 

The Relationship between the Simple Future tense and the Conditional tense

The Future tense and the Conditional tense have very similar conjugations. Click here to read about the Conditional tense.

As we explained, in Future tense, Regular Verbs are conjugated adding a suffix to the infinitive. That happens also in the Conditional tense. 

And if a verb is Irregular in Future tense, that means it is also Irregular in Conditional tense (and viceversa), and the stem changes are exactly the same for those Irregular Verbs

We invite you to take some minutes to compare them and observe how similar they are.

 

Uses of the Simple Future Tense

We use the Simple Future to talk about events or actions that will happen in the future.

However, as you probably know, there are other tenses to talk about the future in Spanish. The most frequent one is the Informal Future, built with “ir a + infinitive”.  And sometimes it is also possible, in a colloquial way, to use the Simple Present tense to talk about the future.

That means, if we want to say “Next year I’ll travel to Barcelona”, these are the 3 options:

Simple future: El año que viene viajaré a Barcelona.

Future with “ir a”: El año que viene voy a viajar a Barcelona

Future using the present: El año que viene viajo a Barcelona

When should we use each one of them? The good news: It doesn’t matter that much. Whereas the use of past tenses in Spanish is more strict, for future actions we can relax and use any of the 3 options presented above, and most likely it will sound OK.

However, the following are some cases where the Simple Future Tense fits especially well:

 

Predictions

El Real Madrid ganará la liga = Real Madrid will win the league.

El año que viene conocerás al hombre de tus sueños = Next year you will meet the man of your dreams.

 

Giving orders or commands in a strong tone

For example, all the 10 Commandments of Christianity are expressed in Simple Future:

  1. Amarás a Dios sobre todas las cosas.
  2. No pronunciarás el nombre de Dios en vano.
  3. Santificarás las fiestas.
  4. Honrarás a tu padre y a tu madre.
  5. No matarás.
  6. No cometerás actos impuros.
  7. No robarás.
  8. No darás falsos testimonios ni mentirás.
  9. No consentirás pensamientos ni deseos impuros.
  10. No codiciarás los bienes ajenos.

 

Hypothesis (not only about future events, also about present matters)

No me imagino qué haremos en 20 años = I can’t imagine what we will be doing in 20 years.

Laura no ha venido. Tendrá algún problema = Laura hasn’t come. Maybe she has a problem.

¿Dónde estará mi boli? = Where could my pen be?

 

As the second part of a speculative sentence (“if this happens, that will happen”)

Si este año consigo un empleo, me compraré una moto = If I get a job this year, I will buy a motorcycle.

Si me mandas un correo, te responderé hoy mismo = If you send me an email, I will reply to you today.

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Categorías: Spanish Grammar