The Past Participle in Spanish

The Past Participle in Spanish (called «Participio») is a very important verb form. For example, it is used in conjunction with the verb «haber» to construct several verb tenses. It also can be used as an adjective.

The Past Participle doesn’t change with the person: it’s just one past participle for each verb.

Most verbs have a Regular Past Participle, and we will first explain how to form those. After that, we will see some important Irregular Past Participles .

 

Regular Past Participles

For verbs which have a Regular Past Participle , we form it adding these endings to their stem:

  • Verbs ending in «-ar» —>  –ado
  • Verbs ending in «-er», «-ir»  —> –ido

 

Here are some examples:

VerbPast Participle
hablarhablado
comercomido
vivirvivido
llamarllamado
leerleído
sentirsentido




Irregular Past Participles

Some verbs have an Irregular Past Participle and don’t follow the rule above.

Here’s a list of the most important Irregular Past Participles:

Irregular Participles
hacer → hecho
decir → dicho
ver → visto
escribir → escrito
romper → roto
poner → puesto
volver → vuelto
resolver → resuelto
satisfacer → satisfecho
descubrir → descubierto
morir → muerto

 

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