Spanish Present Progressive – Conjugation and Use

The Spanish Present Progressive or Present Continuous («Presente Progresivo», «Presente Continuo») is used to communicate what is happening at the moment. It is equivalent to the English «I am eating… she is drinking… we are driving… etc».

In this post, we will go through the following points:

  1. Conjugation in Spanish Present Progressive
  2. Uses of the Present Progressive
  3. Quiz about the Present Progressive!

1. Conjugation in Spanish Present Progressive

We construct the Present Progressive with 2 words:

  • The first word is the verb «estar» conjugated in Present for the proper person.
  • The second word is the Present Participle (also called Gerundio) of the main verb. The Gerundio is the same for all persons. Click here to learn how to form the Gerundio. 

Here is a table with three verbs fully conjugated in Present Progressive:

yoestoy hablandoestoy bebiendoestoy partiendo
estás hablandoestás bebiendoestás partiendo
élestá hablandoestá bebiendoestá partiendo
nosotrosestamos hablandoestamos bebiendoestamos partiendo
vosotrosestáis hablandoestáis bebiendoestáis partiendo
ellosestán hablandoestán bebiendoestán partiendo

2. Use of The Present Progressive

The Present Progressive is used to communicate what is happening at the moment. For example, what people are doing.


No me molestes, ¡estoy estudiando! Don’t bother me, I’m studying!

Mis padres no están en casa ahora mismo. Están trabajando. Mi parents are not home right now. They are working.

Está lloviendo = It’s raining

¿Qué estás haciendo? = What are you doing?

Example based on a picture: What are these people doing?

¿Qué están haciendo estas personas?

Sentences in Spanish Present Progressive tense

La madre está leyendo un cuento.

La niña está escuchando el cuento que su madre está leyendo. 

El padre y el niño están jugando.

Ah… y el pájaro está volando 😉

3. Quiz about the Present Progressive!

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge!:

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