Spanish Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns

Spanish Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns (“Adjetivos y Pronombres Posesivos”) are a collection of words which express who owns something.

They are the equivalent of the English words “my, mine”, “your, yours”, “his”, etc.

We will begin this lesson with the Possessive Adjectives, learning both their short and long forms, and when to use them. At the end, we will briefly learn about Possessive Pronouns.

In this lesson, we will go through the following points:

1. Possessive Adjectives – Short Forms

The short forms are presented in the following table:

English SingularPlural
mymimis
your (of you guy)tutus
ournuestro, nuestranuestros, nuestras
your (of you guys)vuestro, vuestravuestros, vuestras
his, her, their, polite your susus

  • For short forms except “nuestro” and “vuestro”, we don’t need to match gender, only number of the owned thing.
  • For “nuestro” and “vuestro”, we need to match both gender and number of the owned thing.

Use of Short Forms

The short forms are the ones we place directly before a noun (the owned thing).

Examples:

Mi camiseta es azul = My t-shirt is blue.

Su coche es alemán = His/her/their/ your (polite) car is german.

Nuestras vecinas tienen un perro = Our neighbors (female neighbors) have a dog.


2. Possessive Adjectives – Long Forms

The long forms are presented in the following table:

English Masculine SingularMasculine PluralFeminine SingularFeminine Plural
minemíomíosmíamías
yours (of you guy)tuyotuyostuyatuyas
oursnuestronuestrosnuestranuestras
yours (of you guys)vuestrovuestrosvuestravuestras
his, her, theirs, polite yourssuyosuyossuyasuyas

  • For the long forms, we always need to match both the number and the gender of the owned thing. 

Use of Long Forms

The long forms are the ones we place anywhere in the sentence, EXCEPT directly before the noun (the owned thing).

Examples:

La camiseta es mía = The t-shirt is mine.

El coche es suyo = The car belongs to him/her/them/ you (polite).

Las gafas son nuestras = the glasses belong to us.


3. Possessive Pronouns – Always Long Forms!

Possessive Pronouns’ forms are the long forms we have already seen. What makes them pronouns is that they are placed directly after a definite article (“el – la – los – las”). In that case, they work as full substitutes of the owned thing in the sentence.

Examples:

El mío es verde = Mine is green. (“mine” is substituting a substantive, for example, “my notebook”).

Mi impresora es más moderna que la tuya = My printer is bigger than yours. (here, “yours” = your printer)


4. Practice: A Quiz

Take this short Quiz to test your knowledge!:


5. Practice: An Exercise

Fill the gaps in your mind or on a piece of paper using Possessive words.

After completing the exercise, check the solutions at the end of this post.

– ¿Este móvil es tuyo?
– Sí, es _____ (1).

Son las gafas de Ana. Son _____ (2).

Son los libros de Ana. Son _____ (3).

Son los libros de Ana y Laura. Son _____ (4).

– ¿Esta es tu botella?
– Sí, es _____ (5) botella. Es _____ (6).

– ¿Estos son vuestros lápices?
– Sí, los lápices son _____ (7).

Solutions to the Exercise: 1 = mío, 2 = suyas, 3 = suyos, 4 = suyos, 5 = mi, 6 = mía, 7 = nuestros

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