Spanish Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns (“Adjetivos y Pronombres Posesivos”) are a collection of words which express who owns something.
They are the equivalent of the English words “my, mine”, “your, yours”, “his”, etc.
We will begin this lesson with the Possessive Adjectives, learning both their short and long forms, and when to use them. At the end, we will briefly learn about Possessive Pronouns.
The short forms are presented in the following table:
English Singular Plural
my mi mis
your (of you guy) tu tus
our nuestro, nuestra nuestros, nuestras
your (of you guys) vuestro, vuestra vuestros, vuestras
his, her, their, polite your su sus
- For short forms except «nuestro» and «vuestro», we don’t need to match gender, only number of the owned thing.
- For «nuestro» and «vuestro», we need to match both gender and number of the owned thing.
Use of Short Forms
The short forms are the ones we place directly before a noun (the owned thing).
Mi camiseta es azul = My t-shirt is blue.
Su coche es alemán = His/her/their/ your (polite) car is german.
Nuestras vecinas tienen un perro = Our neighbors (female neighbors) have a dog.
The long forms are presented in the following table:
English Masculine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Singular Feminine Plural
mine mío míos mía mías
yours (of you guy) tuyo tuyos tuya tuyas
ours nuestro nuestros nuestra nuestras
yours (of you guys) vuestro vuestros vuestra vuestras
his, her, theirs, polite yours suyo suyos suya suyas
- For the long forms, we always need to match both the number and the gender of the owned thing.
Use of Long Forms
The long forms are the ones we place anywhere in the sentence, EXCEPT directly before the noun (the owned thing).
La camiseta es mía = The t-shirt is mine.
El coche es suyo = The car belongs to him/her/them/ you (polite).
Las gafas son nuestras = the glasses belong to us.
Possessive Pronouns – Always Long Forms!
Possessive Pronouns’ forms are the long forms we have already seen. What makes them pronouns is that they are placed directly after a definite article (“el – la – los – las”). In that case, they work as full substitutes of the owned thing in the sentence.
El mío es verde = Mine is green. (“mine” is substituting a substantive, for example, “my notebook”).
Mi impresora es más moderna que la tuya = My printer is bigger than yours. (here, “yours” = your printer)