Politics – Spanish Words and Phrases

People

  • Candidato (el) = candidate
  • Congresista (el) = congressman
  • Ministro/Secretario de Economía (el) = Minister/Secretary of Economy
  • Político (el) = politician
  • Portavoz (el) = spokesperson
  • Presidente (el) = president
  • Primer Ministro (el) = Prime Minister
  • Senador (el) = senator

Concepts

  • Ala Oeste (el) = west wing
  • Casa Blanca (la) = White House
  • Congreso (el) = congress
  • Debate televisado (el) = televised debate
  • Derecha política (la) = political right
  • Despacho oval (el) = Oval office
  • Elecciones (las) = election (the event)
  • Encuesta de intención de voto (la) = poll (about voting intentions)
  • Gobierno (el) = government
  • Ideología (la) = ideology
  • Izquierda política (la) = political left
  • Oposición (la) = opposition
  • Papeleta (la) = ballot
  • Parlamento (el) = parliament
  • Partido político (el) = political party
  • Primarias (las) = primaries
  • Senado (el) = senate
  • Urna (la) = ballot box
  • Votación (la) = the vote

Adjectives

  • Centrista = centrist
  • Conservador = conservative
  • Corrupto = corrupt
  • Demócrata = democrat
  • Liberal = liberal
  • Moderado = moderate
  • Progresista = progressive
  • Radical = radical
  • Republicano = republican

Actions

  • Aprobar una ley = to pass a law
  • Corromperse = to become corrupt
  • Echar la papeleta en la urna = to throw the ballot in the ballot box
  • Formar una coalición = to build a coalition
  • Nombrar a un ministro/secretario = to appoint a minister/secretary
  • Gobernar = to govern
  • Postularse/Presentarse a presidente = to run for president
  • Votar = to vote

Sentences

  • ¿A quién vas a votar? = Who are you gonna vote for?
  • El candidato conservador ha ganado con un 51 por ciento de los votos = The conservative candidate has won with 51% of the vote.
  • El congreso ha aprobado una nueva ley del aborto = Congress has passed a new abortion law.
  • Era un político muy prometedor, pero al final se corrompió como todos = He was a very promising politician, but in the end he became corrupt like they all do.
  • Las encuestas dicen que… = The polls say that…
  • Los partidos de izquierda van a formar una coalición = The leftist parties will build a coalition.
  • ¿Quién ganará las elecciones? = Who will win the election?

 

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