Indefinite articles in Spanish (“Artículos indeterminados”) are a collection of words that precede nouns in many circumstances, indicating its gender and number.
They are all equivalent to the English words “a, an” in singular, and “some, a few” in plural.
You need to always match the gender and number of the noun, resulting in 4 Indefinite Articles: “un, una, unos, unas”.
In this post we will go through these points:
- Examples with nouns
- Example sentences
2. Examples with nouns
Examples of “un” + singular masculine nouns:
un coche, un profesor, un rayo, un árbol = a car, a teacher, a ray, a tree
Examples of “una” + singular feminine nouns:
una casa, una canción, una flor, una mujer = a house, a song, a flower, a woman
Examples of “unos” + plural masculine nouns:
unos amigos, unos vasos, unos problemas = some friends, a few glasses, some problems
Examples of “unas” + plural feminine nouns:
unas señoras, unas manzanas, unas palabras = a few ladies, some apples, a few words
3. Example Sentences
Finally, here are some sentences using indefinite articles, and their translation to English:
Hay un hombre esperando en la puerta. = There is a man waiting at the door.
Mallorca es una isla de España. = Mallorca is an isle of Spain,
Tengo unos libros interesantes. = I have some interesting books.
Manuel conoce a unas chicas muy simpáticas. = Manuel knows a few very nice girls.