The Imperative Mood is used to give commands or orders. With it, we tell people to do or not to do something.
There are many types of commands: affirmative and negative commands, formal and informal…
In this post, we will talk specifically about Affirmative Informal Commands. That means, how we tell the persons “tú” (singular you) and “vosotros” (plural you) to do something.
Regular Affirmative «tú» commands
For affirmative «tú» commands, most verbs are Regular, and the form we use is exactly the same as the third person singular of the Present Tense:
Verb Present Tense, 3rd Person Singular Affirmative "tú" command
comer come come
trabajar trabaja trabaja
vivir vive vive
cerrar cierra cierra
dormir duerme duerme
pedir pide pide
Compra la comida! = Buy the food
Juega conmigo = Play with me
Bebe menos = Drink less
Cierra las ventanas = Close the windows
Irregular Affirmative «tú» commands
Not all verbs have regular affirmative «tú» commands. Here is a list of the most important verbs which have Irregular Affirmative “tú” commands:
Verb Affirmative "tú" command
Pon la mesa = Set the table
Ven aquí = Come here
Sal de tu habitación = Get out of your room
Affirmative «vosotros» commands – They are all regular!
All affirmative “vosotros” commands are regular, and they are formed by taking the infinitive of the verb and replacing the final “r” with a “d”.
It doesn’t matter if a verb happens to be irregular for “tú” commands: for “vosotros”, they are all regular.
Verb Affirmative "vosotros" command
Abrid la puerta = Open the door (you guys)
Haced vuestras camas = Make your beds (you guys)
Tened paciencia = Have patience (you guys)
Placement of pronouns like «me, te, lo, la…»
Pronouns such as “me, te, lo, la, los, las, nos, os, se…” are placed attached at the end of the affirmative command forms. Even if you have two of these pronouns, they will be attached one after the other at the end of the verb.
Ponlo aquí = Put it here.
Dámela = Give it to me.
Llámanos pronto = Call us soon.
Cómpramelo = Buy it to me
Llamadnos = Call us (you guys)
Usadlo = Use it (you guys)
Comprádmela = Buy it to me (you guys)
Accent Marks when attaching Pronouns
Read the sentences above one more time. Notice the Accent Marks on some of the commands when pronouns are attached:
– “Tú” commands often get a an accent mark when attaching pronouns to them, specially when the resulting word is rather long. The accent mark is on the third or fourth vowel (counting from right to left).
– “Vosotros” commands get an accent mark when (and only when) there are two pronouns attached. It is on the third vowel (counting from right to left)
The special case of attaching «os» to a «vosotros» command
If we give a command to “vosotros” and we attach a pronoun «os» at the end, the verb loses its final “d”.
Duchaos, por favor = Shower (you guys). – Instead of “
duchados”, which would be wrong. It loses the “d”.
Levantaos = Get up (you guys) – Not “