The Conditional Perfect tense in Spanish (“Condicional Perfecto”) is a used to talk about something that would have happened, if only a condition had been fulfilled (but it wasn’t).
We will study its conjugation first, and then talk about its uses.
The Conditional Perfect is formed with 2 words:
- The first word is the verb “haber” conjugated in Conditional tense, for the proper person.
- The second word is the Past Participle of the verb you want to conjugate. This word is the same for all persons. Because the Past Participle is used in more than one verb tense, we have written separate lesson about how to form the Past Participle. Click here to learn how to form the Past Participle.
|yo||habría||... + Participle of the main verb|
As examples, here is the full conjugation of the verbs “bailar” and “comer” in Conditional Perfect:
We use Conditional Perfect to talk about something that would have happened, if only a condition had been fulfilled (but it wasn’t).
We are speculating about something that is not possible anymore. It WOULD HAVE happened, but something got in the way and it didn’t.
If you had told me, I would have acted different. = Si me lo hubieras contado, habría actuado de otra forma.
(I would have acted different, but it didn’t happen).
If we had done the homework, we would have impressed our teacher. = Si hubiéramos hecho las tareas, habríamos impresionado a nuestro profesor.
(We would have, but we didn’t).