Comparisons of Inequality are comparisons in which two concepts are unequal in some way. For example, a tree is taller than a flower, or someone has less money than somebody else…
For that reason, the two key words for this topic are “más” (more) and “menos” (less).
In this post, we will cover:
- Comparisons with the “more” formula: “más… que”
- Comparisons with the “less” formula: “menos… que”
- Irregular cases of the “more” formula
1. Comparisons with the “more” formula: “más… que…”
The formula “más… que” means “more… than”.
With very few exceptions (see Irregular Cases), the formula is valid even for sentences like “Mario is taller than Juan” or “My car is faster than yours”. Just change the English sentence in this way, and then translate to Spanish:
Mario is taller than Juan → Mario is more tall than Juan → Mario es más alto que Juan.
My car is faster than yours → My car is more fast than yours → Mi coche es más rápido que el tuyo.
Ana tiene más amigos que Laura. = Ana has more friends than Laura.
El móvil es más barato que la tableta. = The smartphone is is cheaper (“more cheap”) than the tablet.
Mi padre habla más despacio que yo. = My father talks slower (mor slowly) than I do.
2. Comparisons with the “less” formula: “menos… que…”
The formula “menos… que…” means “less… than…”. You just need to fill in the blanks.
Pablo fuma menos que Luis = Pablo smokes less than Luis.
Ellos ganan menos dinero que nosotros = They earn less money than we do.
Matemáticas es menos difícil que Química = Math is less difficult than Chemistry.
3. Irregular cases of the “more” formula
We mentioned before that most times, when you have in English words like “taller” or “faster”, in Spanish we just say “more tall” and “more fast”.
But there are a few adjectives and pronouns which do have a special “more” form.
Of course, for these cases, we don’t say the word “más” in the comparison, because it is integrated in the form itself.
These are the most important special “more” forms:
- mejor = better. (Plural: mejores)
- peor = worse. (Plural: peores)
- mayor = older. (Plural: mayores)
- menor = younger. (Plural: menores)
Examples of special “more” forms:
Estos libros son mejores que estos cómics. = These books are better than these comics.
“El hobbit” es peor que “El Señor de los Anillos” = “The Hobbit” is worse than “Lord of the Rings”.
Mis hermanos son mayores que yo. = My brothers are older than me.
Ana es menor que Laura. = Ana is younger than Laura.